A thermoplastic starch (TPS) material is developed, based on corn starch plasticized with glycerol and citric acid in a 9:3:1 ratio and further bonded with isinglass and mono-and diglycerides of fatty acids (E471). In TPS, leather fragments, in the amount of 7.5 15 or 22.5 g/100 g of dry matter, were also introduced. The mixture was heated at a maximum temperature of 80 °C, then cast in an open mold to obtain films with thickness in the range 300 ± 50 microns. The leather fragments used were based on collagen obtained from production waste from shoemaking and tanned with tannins obtained from smoketree (Rhus cotinus), therefore free from chromium. Thermogravimetric (TGA) tests suggested that material degradation started at a temperature around 285 °C, revealing that the presence of leather fragments did not influence the occurrence of this process in TPS. Tensile tests indicated an increase in tensile properties (strength and Young's modulus) with increasing leather content, albeit coupled, especially at 22.5 wt%, with a more pronounced brittle behavior. Leather waste provided a sound interface with the bulk of the composite, as observed under scanning electron microscopy. The production process indicated a very limited degradation of the material after exposure to UV radiation for eight days, as demonstrated by the slight attenuation of amide I (collagen) and polysaccharide FTIR peaks. Reheating at 80 °C resulted in a weight loss not exceeding 3%.
Development of thermoplastic starch (TPS) including leather waste fragments / Pompei, S.; Tirillo', J.; Sarasini, F.; Santulli, C.. - In: POLYMERS. - ISSN 2073-4360. - 12:8(2020).
|Titolo:||Development of thermoplastic starch (TPS) including leather waste fragments|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Citazione:||Development of thermoplastic starch (TPS) including leather waste fragments / Pompei, S.; Tirillo', J.; Sarasini, F.; Santulli, C.. - In: POLYMERS. - ISSN 2073-4360. - 12:8(2020).|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|