This study investigates the effect of sexually objectifying environments (SOEs) on psychological and work-related outcomes. A study 1 was conducted to evaluate the psychometrics proprieties of the Italian Sexual Objectifying Environment Scale. A two-factor solution emerged with adequate factor loadings and optimal fit indices. In addition, the Italian version scale showed satisfactory internal consistency. A study 2 evaluated the relationships among SOEs, job satisfaction, anxiety, and affective commitment in a sample of 579 Italian waitresses. The results support a model in which sexually objectifying environments had a direct effect on job satisfaction and both direct and indirect effects on anxiety. Also, sexually objectifying environments had an indirect effect on affective commitment. Our findings highlight the importance to develop adequate training programs designed to improve awareness of interpersonal, cultural, and immersed forms of sexual objectification and their effects in order to prevent sexually objectifying behavior and attitudes.
Relationship among Sexually Objectifying Work Environments, Job Satisfaction, Anxiety, and Affective Commitment in a Sample of Italian Restaurant Waitresses / Cabras, Cristina; Mula, Silvana; Sechi, Cristina. - (2020). (Intervento presentato al convegno The Society for Personality and Social Psychology 2020 SPSP Annual Convention tenutosi a New Orleans, Louisiana).