An inadequate amount of sleep can negatively affect emotional processing, causing behavioural and neurofunctional changes. However, unlike the condition of total sleep deprivation, which has been extensively studied, the effects of prolonged sleep restriction have received less attention. In this study, we evaluated, for the first time, the effects of five nights of sleep restriction (5 hr a night) on emotional reactivity in healthy subjects.Forty-two subjects were selected to participate, over two consecutive weeks, in two experimental conditions in counterbalanced order. The subjects were tested the morning after five nights of regular sleep and after five consecutive nights of sleep restriction. During the test, participants evaluated valence and arousal of 90 images selected from the International Affective Picture System.The subjects perceived pleasant and neutral pictures in a more negative way in the sleep-restriction condition compared to the sleep condition. This effect survived after removing the contribution of mood changes. In contrast, there was no significant difference between conditions for ratings of unpleasant pictures.These results provide the first evidence that an inadequate amount of sleep for five consecutive nights determines an alteration of the evaluation of pleasant and neutral stimuli, imposing a negative emotional bias. Considering the pervasiveness of insufficient sleep in modern society, our results have potential implications for daily life, as well as in clinical settings.

The impact of five nights of sleep restriction on emotional reactivity / Tempesta, Daniela; Salfi, Federico; De Gennaro, Luigi; Ferrara, Michele. - In: JOURNAL OF SLEEP RESEARCH. - ISSN 0962-1105. - 29:(2020). [10.1111/jsr.13022]

The impact of five nights of sleep restriction on emotional reactivity

De Gennaro, Luigi;
2020

Abstract

An inadequate amount of sleep can negatively affect emotional processing, causing behavioural and neurofunctional changes. However, unlike the condition of total sleep deprivation, which has been extensively studied, the effects of prolonged sleep restriction have received less attention. In this study, we evaluated, for the first time, the effects of five nights of sleep restriction (5 hr a night) on emotional reactivity in healthy subjects.Forty-two subjects were selected to participate, over two consecutive weeks, in two experimental conditions in counterbalanced order. The subjects were tested the morning after five nights of regular sleep and after five consecutive nights of sleep restriction. During the test, participants evaluated valence and arousal of 90 images selected from the International Affective Picture System.The subjects perceived pleasant and neutral pictures in a more negative way in the sleep-restriction condition compared to the sleep condition. This effect survived after removing the contribution of mood changes. In contrast, there was no significant difference between conditions for ratings of unpleasant pictures.These results provide the first evidence that an inadequate amount of sleep for five consecutive nights determines an alteration of the evaluation of pleasant and neutral stimuli, imposing a negative emotional bias. Considering the pervasiveness of insufficient sleep in modern society, our results have potential implications for daily life, as well as in clinical settings.
2020
affective valence; emotion; emotional reactivity; sleep curtailment; sleep loss
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
The impact of five nights of sleep restriction on emotional reactivity / Tempesta, Daniela; Salfi, Federico; De Gennaro, Luigi; Ferrara, Michele. - In: JOURNAL OF SLEEP RESEARCH. - ISSN 0962-1105. - 29:(2020). [10.1111/jsr.13022]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1396022
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