The use of the tetrabutylammonium additive was investigated in the ultra-high performance reversed-phase liquid chromatographic elution of basic molecules of pharmaceutical interest. When added to the mobile phase at low pH, the hydrophobic tetrabutylammonium cation interacts with the octadecyl chains and with the residual silanols, thus imparting a positive charge to the stationary phase, modulating retention and improving peak shape of protonated basic solutes. Two sources of additive were tested: a mixture of tetrabutylammonium hydroxide/trifluoroacetic acid and tetrabutylammonium hydrogen sulfate. Retention and peak shape of 11 basic pharmaceutical compounds were evaluated on commercially available ultra-fast columns packed with octadecyl stationary phases (Ascentis Express C18 2.0 mu m, Acquity BEH C18 1.7 mu m, Titan C18 1.9 mu m). All columns benefit from the use of additive, especially tetrabutylammonium hydrogen sulfate, providing very symmetric peaks with reasonable retention times. Focusing on the probe compounds amitriptyline and sertraline, efficiency and asymmetry values were investigated at increasing retention factor. The trend is very different to that obtained in reversed-phase conditions and the effect lies in the complex molecular interaction mechanisms based on hydrophobic and ion exchange interactions as well as electrostatic repulsion.

Ultra-high performance separation of basic compounds on reversed-phase columns packed with fully/superficially porous silica and hybrid particles by using ultraviolet transparent hydrophobic cationic additives / Manetto, Simone; Mazzoccanti, Giulia; Ciogli, Alessia; Villani, Claudio; Gasparrini, Francesco. - In: JOURNAL OF SEPARATION SCIENCE. - ISSN 1615-9306. - 43:9-10(2020). [10.1002/jssc.201901333]

Ultra-high performance separation of basic compounds on reversed-phase columns packed with fully/superficially porous silica and hybrid particles by using ultraviolet transparent hydrophobic cationic additives

Manetto, Simone;Mazzoccanti, Giulia;Ciogli, Alessia
;
Villani, Claudio;Gasparrini, Francesco
2020

Abstract

The use of the tetrabutylammonium additive was investigated in the ultra-high performance reversed-phase liquid chromatographic elution of basic molecules of pharmaceutical interest. When added to the mobile phase at low pH, the hydrophobic tetrabutylammonium cation interacts with the octadecyl chains and with the residual silanols, thus imparting a positive charge to the stationary phase, modulating retention and improving peak shape of protonated basic solutes. Two sources of additive were tested: a mixture of tetrabutylammonium hydroxide/trifluoroacetic acid and tetrabutylammonium hydrogen sulfate. Retention and peak shape of 11 basic pharmaceutical compounds were evaluated on commercially available ultra-fast columns packed with octadecyl stationary phases (Ascentis Express C18 2.0 mu m, Acquity BEH C18 1.7 mu m, Titan C18 1.9 mu m). All columns benefit from the use of additive, especially tetrabutylammonium hydrogen sulfate, providing very symmetric peaks with reasonable retention times. Focusing on the probe compounds amitriptyline and sertraline, efficiency and asymmetry values were investigated at increasing retention factor. The trend is very different to that obtained in reversed-phase conditions and the effect lies in the complex molecular interaction mechanisms based on hydrophobic and ion exchange interactions as well as electrostatic repulsion.
basic analytes; hydrophobic cationic additives; peak tailing; reversed-phase columns
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Ultra-high performance separation of basic compounds on reversed-phase columns packed with fully/superficially porous silica and hybrid particles by using ultraviolet transparent hydrophobic cationic additives / Manetto, Simone; Mazzoccanti, Giulia; Ciogli, Alessia; Villani, Claudio; Gasparrini, Francesco. - In: JOURNAL OF SEPARATION SCIENCE. - ISSN 1615-9306. - 43:9-10(2020). [10.1002/jssc.201901333]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1391666
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