Background: During severe immunosuppression or treatment with specific biological drugs, human polyomavirus JC (JCPyV) may establish a lytic infection in oligodendrocytes, leading to progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). Beyond AIDS, which represents the most common predisposing condition, several biological drugs have been associated to the development of PML, such as natalizumab, fingolimod and dimethyl fumarate, which have been showed to increase the risk of PML in the multiple sclerosis (MS) population. JCPyV non-coding control region (NCCR) can be found in two different forms: a virulent neurotropic pathogenic form and a latent non-pathogenic form. The neurotropic forms contain a rearranged NCCR and are typically found in the cerebrospinal fluid, brain or blood of PML patients. Case presentation: We sequenced and critically examined JCPyV NCCR from isolates detected in the cerebrospinal fluid of four newly diagnosed progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy patients: two HIV-positive and two HIV-negative multiple sclerosis patients. More complex NCCR rearrangements were observed in the two HIV-positive patients compared to the HIV-negative multiple sclerosis patients with PML. Conclusions: The comparison of HIV-positive and HIV-negative MS patients with PML, allowed us to evidence the presence of a common pattern of JCPyV NCCR rearrangement, characterized by the deletion of the D-block, which could be one of the initial rearrangements of JCPyV NCCR needed for the development of PML.

JCPyV NCCR analysis in PML patients with different risk factors: Exploring common rearrangements as essential changes for neuropathogenesis / Ciardi, M. R.; Zingaropoli, M. A.; Iannetta, M.; Prezioso, C.; Perri, V.; Pasculli, P.; Lichtner, M.; D'Ettorre, G.; Altieri, M.; Conte, A.; Pietropaolo, V.; Mastroianni, C. M.; Vullo, V.. - In: VIROLOGY JOURNAL. - ISSN 1743-422X. - 17:1(2020), p. 23. [10.1186/s12985-020-1295-5]

JCPyV NCCR analysis in PML patients with different risk factors: Exploring common rearrangements as essential changes for neuropathogenesis

Ciardi M. R.;Zingaropoli M. A.;Prezioso C.;Perri V.;Pasculli P.;Lichtner M.;D'Ettorre G.;Altieri M.;Conte A.;Pietropaolo V.;Mastroianni C. M.;Vullo V.
2020

Abstract

Background: During severe immunosuppression or treatment with specific biological drugs, human polyomavirus JC (JCPyV) may establish a lytic infection in oligodendrocytes, leading to progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). Beyond AIDS, which represents the most common predisposing condition, several biological drugs have been associated to the development of PML, such as natalizumab, fingolimod and dimethyl fumarate, which have been showed to increase the risk of PML in the multiple sclerosis (MS) population. JCPyV non-coding control region (NCCR) can be found in two different forms: a virulent neurotropic pathogenic form and a latent non-pathogenic form. The neurotropic forms contain a rearranged NCCR and are typically found in the cerebrospinal fluid, brain or blood of PML patients. Case presentation: We sequenced and critically examined JCPyV NCCR from isolates detected in the cerebrospinal fluid of four newly diagnosed progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy patients: two HIV-positive and two HIV-negative multiple sclerosis patients. More complex NCCR rearrangements were observed in the two HIV-positive patients compared to the HIV-negative multiple sclerosis patients with PML. Conclusions: The comparison of HIV-positive and HIV-negative MS patients with PML, allowed us to evidence the presence of a common pattern of JCPyV NCCR rearrangement, characterized by the deletion of the D-block, which could be one of the initial rearrangements of JCPyV NCCR needed for the development of PML.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1381337
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