construction in old areas of cities is of important issues for experts in the field of recognition of historical cities and intervention in their perspective state in order to adapt them with new functions. However, the issue of intervention basics development in these cities, which sometimes form the central core of cities and are coherent of the totality of urban cities, is a matter, which is less concerned. Many cities in Iran that have historical background and construction face different problems in accepting any change in their structure and having a connection with newly constructed parts in order to infuse modern urban infrastructures. Preserving the authenticity and continuous integrity of urban contexts to adapt to newly constructed sectors, are one of the important issues in the field of intervention in historical contexts. By investigating the interventions which are done in the central core of Shiraz which causes destruction to the large parts of the historical context in the Zandieh axis territory, it will be cleared that the interventions are done without considering the scientific and codified principles. Due to the unique spatial texture and formation of social, cultural and economic relations and conformance of the related local patterns of construction, the central core of Shiraz in southern Iran is a good case to study about intervention in historical contexts in order to comply with new urban functions. This process can be developed as a model in other historical cities in other countries. It is important to read the historical contexts of cities in order to decide on the type of intervention. Selecting the appropriate methodology and determining the approach based on the parameters affecting the environment are among the factors that are emphasized as a first step in dealing with the historical contexts of cities. Considering the basic structures in the formation of cities and population centers, it is of particular importance that it should always be considered. In the urban contexts of Iran, and especially in historical contexts, the absence of such an approach is very noticeable. What needs to be addressed is reading the historical context and how to read it. This research focuses on building in built spaces of historic cities and specifically the historical texture of Shiraz in southern Iran – and attempts to read the historical texture appropriately and to find its constituent components as an organic and integrated urban texture, in the formation of which, various environmental and peripheral factors have played a role. Accessing to a clear picture of the formation method of Iranian historical texture – especially the historical texture of Shiraz - will help the formation of new elements -that have been designed and constructed in the historical context as replacing elements of the missing parts (degraded by many factors) –to have a regular process consistent with urban morphology and architectural language. This research develops principles, according to which, building in the historical texture of the city would be done, not only on the basis of the functional-physical needs but also on the need for unification between functioning with morphology and the physical body with architecture language. The methods used in this thesis will be done in two ways of library and field studies. The combined approach of qualitative and quantitative methods will be used for data analysis. The findings of this research will develop guidelines that will be the base for construction in urban historical contexts in order to adapt urban fabrics to the daily needs of its residents.
Building in built space / SOKHANPARDAZ, ALI. - (2020 Feb 20).