The historical role of nonlinear waves in developing the science of complexity, and also their physical feature of being a widespread paradigm in optics, establishes a bridge between two diverse and fundamental fields that can open an immeasurable number of new routes. In what follows, we present our most important results on nonlinear waves in classical and quantum nonlinear optics. About classical phenomenology, we lay the groundwork for establishing one uniform theory of dispersive shock waves, and for controlling complex nonlinear regimes through simple integer topological invariants. The second quantized field theory of optical propagation in nonlinear dispersive media allows us to perform numerical simulations of quantum solitons and the quantum nonlinear box problem. The complexity of light propagation in nonlinear media is here examined from all the main points of view: extreme phenomena, recurrence, control, modulation instability, and so forth. Such an analysis has a major, significant goal: answering the question can nonlinear waves do computation? For this purpose, our study towards the realization of an all-optical computer, able to do computation by implementing machine learning algorithms, is illustrated. The first all-optical realization of the Ising machine and the theoretical foundations of the random optical machine are here reported. We believe that this treatise is a fundamental study for the application of nonlinear waves to new computational techniques, disclosing new procedures to the control of extreme waves, and to the design of new quantum sources and non-classical state generators for future quantum technologies, also giving incredible insights about all-optical reservoir computing. Can nonlinear waves do computation? Our random optical machine draws the route for a positive answer to this question, substituting the randomness either with the uncertainty of quantum noise effects on light propagation or with the arbitrariness of classical, extremely nonlinear regimes, as similarly done by random projection methods and extreme learning machines.
Complex extreme nonlinear waves: classical and quantum theory for new computing models / Marcucci, Giulia. - (2020 Feb 07).
|Titolo:||Complex extreme nonlinear waves: classical and quantum theory for new computing models|
|Data di discussione:||7-feb-2020|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||07a Tesi di Dottorato|