PURPOSE: To describe clinical features including multimodal imaging in a rare case of presumed embolic cilioretinal artery occlusion with long-term follow-up examination. METHODS: A 61-year-old man presented after noticing an acute-onset central scotoma in the left eye during coronary arteriography. Fundus color photography, red-free imaging, near-infrared reflectance, spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT), fluorescein angiography, and swept-source OCT angiography were performed. RESULTS: Color and red-free fundus imaging both showed retinal whitening in the territory corresponding to a cilioretinal artery in the left eye. Consistent with an ischemic event, the near-infrared reflectance showed a hyporeflective area in the same location. Spectral domain OCT showed hyperreflectivity and generalized thickening of the inner nuclear layer, ganglion cell layer, and retinal nerve fiber layer. Seven years later, color, red-free, and near-infrared reflectance imaging appeared normal, but the spectral domain OCT showed thinning of all retinal layers in the affected area. Furthermore, swept-source OCT angiography demonstrated markedly reduced capillary flow signal in the superficial and deep capillary plexuses, corresponding to a persistent scotoma described by the patient. CONCLUSION: This case report illustrates hallmark features of a rare presumed embolic cilioretinal artery occlusion and its long-term manifestations with thorough historical and multimodal imaging data. When standard fundus imaging with color, red-free, and near-infrared reflectance appears normal years after a retinal vascular insult, OCT and OCT angiography can corroborate a patient's persistent visual deficit and provide clarity to the diagnosis.
Multimodal imaging of a presumed embolic cilioretinal artery occlusion / Fernández-Avellaneda, Pedro; Fragiotta, Serena; Breazzano, Mark P; Freund, K Bailey. - In: RETINAL CASES & BRIEF REPORTS. - ISSN 1935-1089. - (2019), pp. 1-4.
|Titolo:||Multimodal imaging of a presumed embolic cilioretinal artery occlusion|
FRAGIOTTA, SERENA (Secondo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Citazione:||Multimodal imaging of a presumed embolic cilioretinal artery occlusion / Fernández-Avellaneda, Pedro; Fragiotta, Serena; Breazzano, Mark P; Freund, K Bailey. - In: RETINAL CASES & BRIEF REPORTS. - ISSN 1935-1089. - (2019), pp. 1-4.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01i Case report|