Background: Total thyroidectomy (TT) and completion thyroidectomy (CT) are two common surgical operations that are frequently followed by vocal symptoms despite preservation of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) and of the external branch of superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN). The aim of this study was to analyze vocal alterations through endoscopic findings, videolaryngostroboscopy (VLS), acoustic vocal parameters and impact on patients' quality of life after surgery in the absence of laryngeal nerve injury. Methods: We enrolled 198 patients who underwent thyroidectomy by the same surgeon. One hundred twenty-six patients underwent TT (group TT) while 72 underwent CT (group CT). All patients underwent preoperative VLS and Voice Handicap Index (VHI) assessment and postoperative VHI, VLS and Acoustic Voice Analysis with Multidimensional Voice Program Analysis 12 to 18 months after surgery. Results: We observed a statistically significant higher rate of EBSLN injury in CT compared to TT. Even in the absence of RLN and EBSLN injury, patients who underwent TT and CT presented slightly worse acoustic vocal parameters and VHI scores compared to healthy controls. Interestingly, some acoustic vocal parameters and VHI scores were significantly worse in group CT compared to group TT. Conclusions: The higher rate of EBSLN injury in CT rather than in TT suggests a higher surgical risk in CT. The vocal parameters of loudness and self-perception of voice were significantly worse after CT, suggesting a larger trauma in patients' vocal outcome in CT if compared to TT, although these alterations were not reported as psychologically limiting daily life of patients. Nevertheless, the existence of multiple factors contributing to vocal alterations after thyroidectomy highlight the importance of a routine comprehensive functional voice analysis before and after surgery.

Total versus completion thyroidectomy: a multidimensional evaluation of long-term vocal alterations / Minni, Antonio; Rosati, Davide; Cavaliere, Carlo; Ralli, Massimo; Sementilli, Giulio; Gallo, Andrea; Brozzetti, Stefania; Ossola, Paolo; Cavallaro, Giuseppe; Bononi, Marco. - In: EAR, NOSE & THROAT JOURNAL. - ISSN 0145-5613. - 100:5_suppl(2021), pp. 562-568. [10.1177/0145561319886156]

Total versus completion thyroidectomy: a multidimensional evaluation of long-term vocal alterations

Minni, Antonio
Primo
;
Rosati, Davide
Secondo
;
Cavaliere, Carlo;Ralli, Massimo;Sementilli, Giulio;Gallo, Andrea;Brozzetti, Stefania;Ossola, Paolo;Cavallaro, Giuseppe
Penultimo
;
Bononi, Marco
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Background: Total thyroidectomy (TT) and completion thyroidectomy (CT) are two common surgical operations that are frequently followed by vocal symptoms despite preservation of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) and of the external branch of superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN). The aim of this study was to analyze vocal alterations through endoscopic findings, videolaryngostroboscopy (VLS), acoustic vocal parameters and impact on patients' quality of life after surgery in the absence of laryngeal nerve injury. Methods: We enrolled 198 patients who underwent thyroidectomy by the same surgeon. One hundred twenty-six patients underwent TT (group TT) while 72 underwent CT (group CT). All patients underwent preoperative VLS and Voice Handicap Index (VHI) assessment and postoperative VHI, VLS and Acoustic Voice Analysis with Multidimensional Voice Program Analysis 12 to 18 months after surgery. Results: We observed a statistically significant higher rate of EBSLN injury in CT compared to TT. Even in the absence of RLN and EBSLN injury, patients who underwent TT and CT presented slightly worse acoustic vocal parameters and VHI scores compared to healthy controls. Interestingly, some acoustic vocal parameters and VHI scores were significantly worse in group CT compared to group TT. Conclusions: The higher rate of EBSLN injury in CT rather than in TT suggests a higher surgical risk in CT. The vocal parameters of loudness and self-perception of voice were significantly worse after CT, suggesting a larger trauma in patients' vocal outcome in CT if compared to TT, although these alterations were not reported as psychologically limiting daily life of patients. Nevertheless, the existence of multiple factors contributing to vocal alterations after thyroidectomy highlight the importance of a routine comprehensive functional voice analysis before and after surgery.
2021
VHI; acoustic voice analysis; completion thyroidectomy; laryngostroboscopy; total thyroidectomy; vocal alterations
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Total versus completion thyroidectomy: a multidimensional evaluation of long-term vocal alterations / Minni, Antonio; Rosati, Davide; Cavaliere, Carlo; Ralli, Massimo; Sementilli, Giulio; Gallo, Andrea; Brozzetti, Stefania; Ossola, Paolo; Cavallaro, Giuseppe; Bononi, Marco. - In: EAR, NOSE & THROAT JOURNAL. - ISSN 0145-5613. - 100:5_suppl(2021), pp. 562-568. [10.1177/0145561319886156]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1337764
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