Bioethical issues related to the manipulation of embryonic stem cells have hindered advances in the field of medical research. For this reason, it is very important to obtain adult stem cells from different tissues such as adipose, umbilical cord, bone marrow and blood. Among the possible sources, dental pulp is particularly interesting because it is easy to obtain in respect of bioethical considerations. Indeed, human Dental Pulp Stem Cells (hDPSCs) are a type of adult stem cells able to differentiate in neuronal-like cells and can be obtained from the third molar of healthy patients (13-19 ages). In particular, the dental pulp was removed with an excavator, cut into small slices, treated with collagenase IV and cultured in a flask. To induce the neuronal differentiation, hDPSCs were stimulated with EGF/bFGF for 2 weeks. Previously, we have demonstrated that during the differentiation process the content of cellular prion Protein (PrPC) in hDPSCs increased. The cytofluorimetric analysis showed an early expression of PrPC that increased after neuronal differentiation process. Ablation of PrPC by siRNA PrP prevented neuronal differentiation induced by EGF/bFGF. In this paper, we illustrate that as we enhanced the isolation, separation and in vitro cultivation methods of hDPSCs with several easy procedures, more efficient cell clones were obtained and large-scale expansion of the mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) was observed. We also show how the hDPSCs, obtained with methods detailed in the protocol, are an excellent experimental model to study the neuronal differentiation process of MSCs and subsequent cellular and molecular processes.

Isolation, propagation, and prion protein expression during neuronal differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells / Martellucci, Stefano; Santacroce, Costantino; Manganelli, Valeria; Santilli, Francesca; Piccoli, Luca; Cassetta, Michele; Misasi, Roberta; Sorice, Maurizio; Mattei, Vincenzo. - In: JOURNAL OF VISUALIZED EXPERIMENTS. - ISSN 1940-087X. - 145(2019), pp. 1-7. [10.3791/59282]

Isolation, propagation, and prion protein expression during neuronal differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells

Martellucci, Stefano
Primo
;
Manganelli, Valeria;SANTILLI, FRANCESCA;Piccoli, Luca;Cassetta, Michele;Misasi, Roberta;Sorice, Maurizio
Penultimo
;
Mattei, Vincenzo
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

Bioethical issues related to the manipulation of embryonic stem cells have hindered advances in the field of medical research. For this reason, it is very important to obtain adult stem cells from different tissues such as adipose, umbilical cord, bone marrow and blood. Among the possible sources, dental pulp is particularly interesting because it is easy to obtain in respect of bioethical considerations. Indeed, human Dental Pulp Stem Cells (hDPSCs) are a type of adult stem cells able to differentiate in neuronal-like cells and can be obtained from the third molar of healthy patients (13-19 ages). In particular, the dental pulp was removed with an excavator, cut into small slices, treated with collagenase IV and cultured in a flask. To induce the neuronal differentiation, hDPSCs were stimulated with EGF/bFGF for 2 weeks. Previously, we have demonstrated that during the differentiation process the content of cellular prion Protein (PrPC) in hDPSCs increased. The cytofluorimetric analysis showed an early expression of PrPC that increased after neuronal differentiation process. Ablation of PrPC by siRNA PrP prevented neuronal differentiation induced by EGF/bFGF. In this paper, we illustrate that as we enhanced the isolation, separation and in vitro cultivation methods of hDPSCs with several easy procedures, more efficient cell clones were obtained and large-scale expansion of the mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) was observed. We also show how the hDPSCs, obtained with methods detailed in the protocol, are an excellent experimental model to study the neuronal differentiation process of MSCs and subsequent cellular and molecular processes.
2019
dental pulp; adult stem cells; mesenchymal stem cells; differentiation process; prion protein; prions
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Isolation, propagation, and prion protein expression during neuronal differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells / Martellucci, Stefano; Santacroce, Costantino; Manganelli, Valeria; Santilli, Francesca; Piccoli, Luca; Cassetta, Michele; Misasi, Roberta; Sorice, Maurizio; Mattei, Vincenzo. - In: JOURNAL OF VISUALIZED EXPERIMENTS. - ISSN 1940-087X. - 145(2019), pp. 1-7. [10.3791/59282]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1306575
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