Aim: Several digital technologies are nowadays used in Orthodontics, gradually modifying normal orthodontic practice. The popularity and availability of virtual technology in orthodontics for the replacement of hardcopy records with electronic records is growing rapidly, with a move towards a ‘digital’ patient for diagnosis, treatment planning, monitoring of treatment progress and results. Making an accurate dental impression is one of the most important procedures in dentistry. The introduction of the intraoral scanner allows us to overcome the disadvantages of the analogical impression, obtaining digital models more precise and accurate.The aim of the study is to demonstrate the validity of the monitoring through intraoral scanner of the dental movements and the real importance, advantages and convenience, to frequently monitor patients with the scanner application. Another aspect of the study is focused on the differences between digital and conventional monitoring. Methods: In this study we performed a monitoring of dental movement of impacted palatally canines, only surgically treated with a new surgical approach, laser operculectomy, without using any type of orthodontic traction. We analysed the radiographs by performing the prognosis of the eruption’s canines on the OPT according to Ericson and Kurol, and we have also reconstructed the root position and the morphology of impacted canines, using software to convert CT fles into STL models. Then, we measured, using the software Meshlab to overlay 3D models obtained from CT and from intraoral scans, the values of eruption, exposed palatal and vestibular areas and distances between the cusp of the canines and the palatal zenith of central and lateral incisors. We made the same measurements on the plaster casts with compass and ruler. Then, we compared the two monitoring methods by evaluating the error obtained for each measured data. This comparison allowed us of to demonstrate the superiority in precision of digital measurements. Based on the analysis of the data obtained, we made correlations between the entity of eruption movement and age, type of inclusion and starting inclination of the canines (angle α). Results: We realized a descriptive and inferential statistical analysis of each data obtained from both conventional and digital monitoring, determining the statistical averages, the percentage increase and performing the T Student Test for paired data. Using digital technologies, we have been able to calculate the real eruption of the impacted canines and to evaluate the characteristics of the dental movement, correlating it to the variability of the sample. From this study it emerged that monitoring with digital technologies is more precise than conventional monitoring. Conclusion: The advantages of digital monitoring are numerous. It allows us to eliminate the error caused by manual measurement on plaster casts, making real measurements, and to compare over time of the same patient.

Digital technologies to monitor dental movement in orthodontics / Horodynski, M.; Impellizzeri, A.; Denise, Giovannoni; Serritella, E.; Galluccio, Gabriella. - In: JOURNAL OF OSSEOINTEGRATION. - ISSN 2036-4121. - 11:2(2019), pp. 349-349. ((Intervento presentato al convegno XXVI Congresso Nazionale CDUO tenutosi a Milano.

Digital technologies to monitor dental movement in orthodontics

A. IMPELLIZZERI
Secondo
;
E. SERRITELLA
Penultimo
;
G. GALLUCCIO.
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

Aim: Several digital technologies are nowadays used in Orthodontics, gradually modifying normal orthodontic practice. The popularity and availability of virtual technology in orthodontics for the replacement of hardcopy records with electronic records is growing rapidly, with a move towards a ‘digital’ patient for diagnosis, treatment planning, monitoring of treatment progress and results. Making an accurate dental impression is one of the most important procedures in dentistry. The introduction of the intraoral scanner allows us to overcome the disadvantages of the analogical impression, obtaining digital models more precise and accurate.The aim of the study is to demonstrate the validity of the monitoring through intraoral scanner of the dental movements and the real importance, advantages and convenience, to frequently monitor patients with the scanner application. Another aspect of the study is focused on the differences between digital and conventional monitoring. Methods: In this study we performed a monitoring of dental movement of impacted palatally canines, only surgically treated with a new surgical approach, laser operculectomy, without using any type of orthodontic traction. We analysed the radiographs by performing the prognosis of the eruption’s canines on the OPT according to Ericson and Kurol, and we have also reconstructed the root position and the morphology of impacted canines, using software to convert CT fles into STL models. Then, we measured, using the software Meshlab to overlay 3D models obtained from CT and from intraoral scans, the values of eruption, exposed palatal and vestibular areas and distances between the cusp of the canines and the palatal zenith of central and lateral incisors. We made the same measurements on the plaster casts with compass and ruler. Then, we compared the two monitoring methods by evaluating the error obtained for each measured data. This comparison allowed us of to demonstrate the superiority in precision of digital measurements. Based on the analysis of the data obtained, we made correlations between the entity of eruption movement and age, type of inclusion and starting inclination of the canines (angle α). Results: We realized a descriptive and inferential statistical analysis of each data obtained from both conventional and digital monitoring, determining the statistical averages, the percentage increase and performing the T Student Test for paired data. Using digital technologies, we have been able to calculate the real eruption of the impacted canines and to evaluate the characteristics of the dental movement, correlating it to the variability of the sample. From this study it emerged that monitoring with digital technologies is more precise than conventional monitoring. Conclusion: The advantages of digital monitoring are numerous. It allows us to eliminate the error caused by manual measurement on plaster casts, making real measurements, and to compare over time of the same patient.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1295232
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