Purpose: Adenomyosis is a benign gynecological disease mostly diagnosed in the forth and fifth decades. The recent improvement of the diagnostic tools and a better understanding of the pathology allowed clinicians to postulate a possible relationship between adenomyosis and infertility and to diagnose it in younger asymptomatic women during infertility work-up. Purpose of this article is to review the different theories regarding the possible correlation between adenomyosis and infertility and to discuss the treatment options and the final reproductive outcome after the treatment. Materials and methods: We search Pubmed for articles published in the English language with the use of the following MeSH search terms: “adenomyosis” combined with “treatment” and “fertility outcome” with the restriction to the human species. A manual search of review articles and cross-references completed the search. All selected articles were assessed for study design, patients characteristic, diagnosis of adenomyosis, type of treatment, post-treatment rates of conception, full-term pregnancy and completeness of information of the data sets. Results: Limited data are available concerning the efficacy of the different treatment options of adenomyosis on fertility outcome and the only ones published are retrospective evaluations or small case series. Conclusions: Adenomyosis represents a common gynecological disorder with a negative impact on fertility. However, it remains challenging to establish if adenomyosis is the only cause of the infertility or not, because patients, in both case and control groups, may be affected by concomitant endometriosis. Further studies are required to determine the reason of implantation failure in women with adenomyosis and the impact of adenomyosis on infertile women with or without endometriosis.
Treatment options and reproductive outcome for adenomyosis-associated infertility / Soave, Ilaria; Wenger, Jean-Marie; Pluchino, Nicola; Marci, Roberto. - In: CURRENT MEDICAL RESEARCH AND OPINION. - ISSN 0300-7995. - 34:5(2018), pp. 1-12.
|Titolo:||Treatment options and reproductive outcome for adenomyosis-associated infertility|
SOAVE, Ilaria (Primo)
MARCI, Roberto (Corresponding author)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Citazione:||Treatment options and reproductive outcome for adenomyosis-associated infertility / Soave, Ilaria; Wenger, Jean-Marie; Pluchino, Nicola; Marci, Roberto. - In: CURRENT MEDICAL RESEARCH AND OPINION. - ISSN 0300-7995. - 34:5(2018), pp. 1-12.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)|