Fanconi anemia (FA) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by pancitopenia, congenital malformations, predisposition to cancers and chromosomal instability. We report the clinical and molecular features of a patient initially identified as a potential FA case only because of chemotherapy toxicity during the treatment of a T-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Cells from this patient showed a moderate chromosomal instability, increasing sensitivity to DNA cross-linking agents but normal response to ionizing radiation. The analysis of FA proteins demonstrated a marked reduction of FANCD2 (> 95%), but normal levels of FANCA or FANCG. Interestingly, this defect was associated with a homozygous missense mutation of FANCD2, resulting in a novel amino-acid substitution (Leu153Ser) at residue Leu153, which is highly conserved through evolution. The FANCD2(L153S) protein, whose reduced expression was not due to impaired transcription, was detected also in its monoubiquitinated form in the nucleus, suggesting that the mutation does not affect post-translation modifications or subcellular localization but rather the stability of FANCD2. Therefore, the hypomorphic Leu153Ser mutation represents the first example of a FANCD2 defect that might promote clonal progression of tumors, such as T-ALL, and severe chemotherapy toxicity in patients without any clinical manifestations typical of FA.

A novel Leu153Ser mutation of the Fanconi anemia FANCD2 gene is associated with severe chemotherapy toxicity in a pediatric T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia / A., Borriello; A., Locasciulli; A. M., Bianco; M., Criscuolo; V., Conti; Grammatico, Paola; S., Cappellacci; A., Zatterale; F., Morgese; V., Cucciolla; D., Delia; F., Della Ragione; A., Savoia. - In: LEUKEMIA. - ISSN 0887-6924. - STAMPA. - 21:1(2007), pp. 72-78. [10.1038/sj.leu.2404468]

A novel Leu153Ser mutation of the Fanconi anemia FANCD2 gene is associated with severe chemotherapy toxicity in a pediatric T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia

GRAMMATICO, Paola;
2007

Abstract

Fanconi anemia (FA) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by pancitopenia, congenital malformations, predisposition to cancers and chromosomal instability. We report the clinical and molecular features of a patient initially identified as a potential FA case only because of chemotherapy toxicity during the treatment of a T-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Cells from this patient showed a moderate chromosomal instability, increasing sensitivity to DNA cross-linking agents but normal response to ionizing radiation. The analysis of FA proteins demonstrated a marked reduction of FANCD2 (> 95%), but normal levels of FANCA or FANCG. Interestingly, this defect was associated with a homozygous missense mutation of FANCD2, resulting in a novel amino-acid substitution (Leu153Ser) at residue Leu153, which is highly conserved through evolution. The FANCD2(L153S) protein, whose reduced expression was not due to impaired transcription, was detected also in its monoubiquitinated form in the nucleus, suggesting that the mutation does not affect post-translation modifications or subcellular localization but rather the stability of FANCD2. Therefore, the hypomorphic Leu153Ser mutation represents the first example of a FANCD2 defect that might promote clonal progression of tumors, such as T-ALL, and severe chemotherapy toxicity in patients without any clinical manifestations typical of FA.
2007
fancd2 gene; fanconi anemia; t-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
A novel Leu153Ser mutation of the Fanconi anemia FANCD2 gene is associated with severe chemotherapy toxicity in a pediatric T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia / A., Borriello; A., Locasciulli; A. M., Bianco; M., Criscuolo; V., Conti; Grammatico, Paola; S., Cappellacci; A., Zatterale; F., Morgese; V., Cucciolla; D., Delia; F., Della Ragione; A., Savoia. - In: LEUKEMIA. - ISSN 0887-6924. - STAMPA. - 21:1(2007), pp. 72-78. [10.1038/sj.leu.2404468]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/118316
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