Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate how different Extravirgin Olive Oils (EVOOs), obtained by blending Olea europea cultivars, could influence the cell growth, the response to inflammatory stimuli and oxidative stress in a culture of osteosarcoma cell line, Saos-2. Methods: Three different Extravirgin Olive Oils were physico-chemical characterized, determining the free acidity, the oxidation status, the polyphenols content and the anti-oxidative activity. Moreover, the effects on Saos-2 cell culture were determined studying the mRNA expression level by Real time-PCR assays and the anti-oxidative activity using fluorescent probes. Results: The cultivars, used in South of Italy, yield Extravirgin Oils with different amount of Fatty acids and polyphenols, which counteract induction of pro-inflammatory cytokines and regulate free radical production in hydrogen peroxide stimulated cells. In vitro analysis, using human osteoblast cell line Saos-2 showed that the addition of oils on cell culture simulated a hypoxic stress followed by a reoxygenation period, during which the antioxidant activity of Extravirgin Olive Oils protected cells from oxidative damages. On the other hand, the mRNA expression levels of factors involved in inflammatory processes, cell growth recovery and antioxidant response, as Heme oxygenase-1, were differently stimulated by EVOOs. Moreover, also PPARγ was differently modulated by EVOOs. Conclusion: These findings show that the blending of different Extravirgin Olive Oil can impact on osteoblast cell line in particular regarding the cell growth recovery and oxidative stress.
|Titolo:||Olive fruit blends modulate lipid-sensing nuclear receptor PPARγ, cell survival and oxidative stress response in human osteoblast cells|
SCOTTO D'ABUSCO, ANNA (Corresponding author)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|