Schwann cells (SCs) regulate a wide variety of axonal functions in the peripheral nervous system, providing a supportive growth environment following nerve injury (1). Here we show that rat SCs express the protease-activated receptor-1 (PAR1) both in vivo and in vitro. PAR1 is a G-protein coupled receptor eliciting cellular responses to thrombin and other proteases (2). To investigate if PAR1 activation affects the neurotrophic properties of SCs, this receptor was activated by a specific agonist peptide (TFLLR) and the conditioned medium was transferred to PC12 pheocromocytoma cells for assessing cell survival and neurite outgrowth. Culture medium from SCs treated with 10 µM TFLLR reduced significantly the release of LDH and increased the viability of PC12 cells with respect to the medium of the untreated SCs. Furthermore, conditioned medium from TFLLR-treated SCs increased neurite outgrowth on PC12 cells respect to control medium from untreated cells. To identify putative neurotrophic candidates we performed proteomic analysis on SC secretoma and real time PCR experiments after PAR1 activation. Stimulation of SCs with TFLLR increased specifically the release of a subset of five proteins: Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (Mif), Aldose reductase (Akr1b1), Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (Mmp2), Syndecan-4 (Sdc) and Decorin (Dcn). At the same time there was a significant decrease in the level of three proteins: Complement C1r subcomponent (C1r), Complement component 1 Q subcomponent-binding protein (C1qbp) and Angiogenic factor with G patch and FHA domains 1 (Aggf1). These data indicate that PAR1 stimulation does induce the release by SCs of factors promoting cell survival and neuritogenesis. Among these proteins, Mif, Sdc, Dcn and Mmp2 are of particular interest.

Protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1) is a member of a family of four G-protein-coupled receptors which are activated by proteolytic cleavage of their N-terminal extracellular domain. The expression and the role of PAR1 in peripheral nervous system (PNS) is still poorly investigated, although high PAR1 mRNA expression was found in the dorsal root ganglia and in the non-compacted Schwann cell myelin microvilli at the nodes of Ranvier. Schwann cells (SCs) are the principal population of glial cells of the PNS which myelinate axons and play a key role in axonal regeneration and remyelination. Aim of the present study was to determine if the activation of PAR1 affects the neurotrophic properties of SCs. By double immunofluorescence we observed a specific staining for PAR1 in S100ȕ-positive cells of rat sciatic nerve and sciatic teased fibers. Moreover, PAR1 was highly expressed in SC cultures obtained from both neonatal and adult rat sciatic nerves. When PAR1 specific agonists were added to these cultures an increased proliferation rate was observed. Moreover, the conditioned medium obtained from primary SCs treated with PAR1 agonists increased cell survival and neurite outgrowth on PC12 cells respect to controls. By proteomics, western blot and RT-PCR analyses we identified five proteins which are released by SCs following PAR1 stimulation: Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (Mif), Aldose reductase (Akr1b1), Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (Mmp2), Syndecan-4 (Sdc) and Decorin (Dcn). Conversely, a significant decrease in the level of three proteins was observed: Complement C1r subcomponent (C1r) and Complement component 1 Q subcomponent-bindingprotein (C1qbp). When PAR1 expression was silenced by siRNA the observed pro-survival and neurotrophic properties of SCs appear to be reduced respect to controls. References PAR1 activation affects the neurotrophic properties of Schwann cells. Pompili E1, Fabrizi C2, Somma F2, Correani V3, Maras B3, Schininà ME3, Ciraci V2, Artico M4, Fornai F5, Fumagalli L2. 2017 Jan 4;79:23-33. doi: 10.1016/j.mcn.2017.01.001.

PAR1 activation induces the release by Schwann cells of factors promoting cell survival and neuritogenesis / Ciraci, V.; Pompili, E.; Correani, V.; Maras, B.; Schininà, M. E.; Artico, M.; Fumagalli, L.; Fabrizi, C.. - In: GLIA. - ISSN 1098-1136. - ELETTRONICO. - 65:1 supplement(2017), pp. 540-541. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 13th European Meeting on Glial Cells in Health and Disease tenutosi a Edimburgo nel 8-11 luglio.

PAR1 activation induces the release by Schwann cells of factors promoting cell survival and neuritogenesis

Ciraci V.;Pompili E.;Correani V.;Maras B.;Schininà M. E.;Artico M.;Fumagalli L.;Fabrizi C.
2017

Abstract

Protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1) is a member of a family of four G-protein-coupled receptors which are activated by proteolytic cleavage of their N-terminal extracellular domain. The expression and the role of PAR1 in peripheral nervous system (PNS) is still poorly investigated, although high PAR1 mRNA expression was found in the dorsal root ganglia and in the non-compacted Schwann cell myelin microvilli at the nodes of Ranvier. Schwann cells (SCs) are the principal population of glial cells of the PNS which myelinate axons and play a key role in axonal regeneration and remyelination. Aim of the present study was to determine if the activation of PAR1 affects the neurotrophic properties of SCs. By double immunofluorescence we observed a specific staining for PAR1 in S100ȕ-positive cells of rat sciatic nerve and sciatic teased fibers. Moreover, PAR1 was highly expressed in SC cultures obtained from both neonatal and adult rat sciatic nerves. When PAR1 specific agonists were added to these cultures an increased proliferation rate was observed. Moreover, the conditioned medium obtained from primary SCs treated with PAR1 agonists increased cell survival and neurite outgrowth on PC12 cells respect to controls. By proteomics, western blot and RT-PCR analyses we identified five proteins which are released by SCs following PAR1 stimulation: Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (Mif), Aldose reductase (Akr1b1), Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (Mmp2), Syndecan-4 (Sdc) and Decorin (Dcn). Conversely, a significant decrease in the level of three proteins was observed: Complement C1r subcomponent (C1r) and Complement component 1 Q subcomponent-bindingprotein (C1qbp). When PAR1 expression was silenced by siRNA the observed pro-survival and neurotrophic properties of SCs appear to be reduced respect to controls. References PAR1 activation affects the neurotrophic properties of Schwann cells. Pompili E1, Fabrizi C2, Somma F2, Correani V3, Maras B3, Schininà ME3, Ciraci V2, Artico M4, Fornai F5, Fumagalli L2. 2017 Jan 4;79:23-33. doi: 10.1016/j.mcn.2017.01.001.
Schwann cells (SCs) regulate a wide variety of axonal functions in the peripheral nervous system, providing a supportive growth environment following nerve injury (1). Here we show that rat SCs express the protease-activated receptor-1 (PAR1) both in vivo and in vitro. PAR1 is a G-protein coupled receptor eliciting cellular responses to thrombin and other proteases (2). To investigate if PAR1 activation affects the neurotrophic properties of SCs, this receptor was activated by a specific agonist peptide (TFLLR) and the conditioned medium was transferred to PC12 pheocromocytoma cells for assessing cell survival and neurite outgrowth. Culture medium from SCs treated with 10 µM TFLLR reduced significantly the release of LDH and increased the viability of PC12 cells with respect to the medium of the untreated SCs. Furthermore, conditioned medium from TFLLR-treated SCs increased neurite outgrowth on PC12 cells respect to control medium from untreated cells. To identify putative neurotrophic candidates we performed proteomic analysis on SC secretoma and real time PCR experiments after PAR1 activation. Stimulation of SCs with TFLLR increased specifically the release of a subset of five proteins: Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (Mif), Aldose reductase (Akr1b1), Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (Mmp2), Syndecan-4 (Sdc) and Decorin (Dcn). At the same time there was a significant decrease in the level of three proteins: Complement C1r subcomponent (C1r), Complement component 1 Q subcomponent-binding protein (C1qbp) and Angiogenic factor with G patch and FHA domains 1 (Aggf1). These data indicate that PAR1 stimulation does induce the release by SCs of factors promoting cell survival and neuritogenesis. Among these proteins, Mif, Sdc, Dcn and Mmp2 are of particular interest.
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