The characterization and quantification of human dental enamel microstructure, in both permanent and deciduous teeth, allows us to document crucial growth parameters and to identify stressful events, thus contributing to the reconstruction of the past life history of an individual. Most studies to date have focused on the more accessible post-natal portion of the deciduous dental enamel, even though the analysis of prenatal enamel is pivotal in understanding fetal growth, and reveals information about the mother's health status during pregnancy. This contribution reports new data describing the prenatal enamel development of 18 central deciduous incisors from the Imperial Roman necropolis of Velia (I-II century CE, Salerno, Italy). Histomorphometrical analysis was performed to collect data on prenatal crown formation times, daily secretion rates and enamel extension rates. Results for the Velia sample allowed us to derive a new regression formula, using a robust statistical approach, that describes the average rates of deciduous enamel formation. This can now be used as a reference for pre-industrial populations. The same regression formula, even when daily incremental markings are difficult to visualize, may provide a clue to predicting the proportion of infants born full term and pre-term in an archaeological series.

New regression formula to estimate the prenatal crown formation time of human deciduous central incisors derived from a Roman imperial sample (Velia, Salerno, Italy, I-II cent. CE) / Nava, Alessia; Bondioli, Luca; Coppa, Alfredo; Dean, Christopher; Rossi, Paola Francesca; Zanolli, Clement. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:7(2017), pp. 1-21. [10.1371/journal.pone.0180104]

New regression formula to estimate the prenatal crown formation time of human deciduous central incisors derived from a Roman imperial sample (Velia, Salerno, Italy, I-II cent. CE)

NAVA, ALESSIA
;
BONDIOLI, LUCA;COPPA, Alfredo;ZANOLLI, CLEMENT
2017

Abstract

The characterization and quantification of human dental enamel microstructure, in both permanent and deciduous teeth, allows us to document crucial growth parameters and to identify stressful events, thus contributing to the reconstruction of the past life history of an individual. Most studies to date have focused on the more accessible post-natal portion of the deciduous dental enamel, even though the analysis of prenatal enamel is pivotal in understanding fetal growth, and reveals information about the mother's health status during pregnancy. This contribution reports new data describing the prenatal enamel development of 18 central deciduous incisors from the Imperial Roman necropolis of Velia (I-II century CE, Salerno, Italy). Histomorphometrical analysis was performed to collect data on prenatal crown formation times, daily secretion rates and enamel extension rates. Results for the Velia sample allowed us to derive a new regression formula, using a robust statistical approach, that describes the average rates of deciduous enamel formation. This can now be used as a reference for pre-industrial populations. The same regression formula, even when daily incremental markings are difficult to visualize, may provide a clue to predicting the proportion of infants born full term and pre-term in an archaeological series.
dental anthropology; enamel histology; childhood bioarchaeology
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
New regression formula to estimate the prenatal crown formation time of human deciduous central incisors derived from a Roman imperial sample (Velia, Salerno, Italy, I-II cent. CE) / Nava, Alessia; Bondioli, Luca; Coppa, Alfredo; Dean, Christopher; Rossi, Paola Francesca; Zanolli, Clement. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:7(2017), pp. 1-21. [10.1371/journal.pone.0180104]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/986599
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