Calcium calmodulin-dependent cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE1) was identified in crude extract and immune-labeled sections of rat retina. Both cAMP and cGMP PDE activities were stimulated by calcium-calmodulin (4.7-fold and 2.3-fold, respectively). To characterize PDE1 isoforms in retinal cells further, we used antibodies that specifically recognize PDE1 gene products. PDE1B antibody stained a band at molecular mass of 63 kDa whereas PDE1C antibody recognized two bands at 74- and 70-kDa molecular masses. Two PDE1A antibodies (against N-terminal and C-terminal peptides) detected a band at 79 kDa never described before. Immunohistochemical analysis showed a distribution of PDE1A in the outer retina with a bright fluorescence in the outer segments of photoreceptors. PDE1B is uniformly distributed across the retina. PDE1C is confined mainly to the inner retina, with a precise localization in the inner nuclear layer. Immunostaining with choline acetyltransferase antibody indicates localization in cholinergic amacrine cell. The present data provide evidence of expression of PDE1 isoforms in mammalian retina with a complementary distribution of PDE1A and PDE1C, suggesting different roles in retinal function.
Gene expression and protein localization of calmodulin-dependent phosphodiesterase in adult rat retina / Santone, Rocco; Giorgi, Mauro; Maccarone, Rita; Basso, Manuela; Deplano, Stefania; Bisti, Silvia. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE RESEARCH. - ISSN 0360-4012. - STAMPA. - 84:5(2006), pp. 1020-1026. [10.1002/jnr.21009]