Background: Several studies have raised the issue of the inadequacy of CellSearch® to detect the entire pool of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from blood of cancer patients, suggesting that cells expressing low levels of epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) are not recognized by the capture reagent. In this exploratory study, we aimed to evaluate the status of EpCAM in CTCs isolated from a group of metastatic colorectal cancer patients, in 40% of whom, CTC had been found to be undetected by the CellSearch® system. Methods: CTCs were analyzed using both a microfiltration method (ScreenCell) and CellSearch® in parallel. Furthermore, since EpCAM exists in 2 different variants, we investigated the presence of both its intracellular domain (EpICD) and extracellular domain (EpEX) through immunofluorescence staining of CTCs on filters. Results: Results from immunofluorescence experiments demonstrated that, overall, EpICD and/or EpEX was expressed in 176 CTCs detected by ScreenCell, while the CellSearch® system was able to capture only 10 CTCs. Conclusions: This is the first demonstration that the low sensitivity of CellSearch® to detect CTCs in colorectal cancer patients is not due to the lack of EpCAM. © 2017 Wichtig Publishing.

EpCAM expressing circulating tumor cells in colorectal cancer / Nicolazzo, Chiara; Raimondi, Cristina; Francescangeli, Federica; Ceccarelli, Simona; Trenta, Patrizia; Magri, Valentina; Marchese, Cinzia; Zeuner, Ann; Gradilone, Angela; Gazzaniga, Paola. - In: THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL MARKERS. - ISSN 1724-6008. - (2017). [10.5301/ijbm.5000284]

EpCAM expressing circulating tumor cells in colorectal cancer

NICOLAZZO, CHIARA;RAIMONDI, CRISTINA;CECCARELLI, SIMONA;MAGRI, VALENTINA;MARCHESE, Cinzia;GRADILONE, Angela;GAZZANIGA, PAOLA
2017

Abstract

Background: Several studies have raised the issue of the inadequacy of CellSearch® to detect the entire pool of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from blood of cancer patients, suggesting that cells expressing low levels of epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) are not recognized by the capture reagent. In this exploratory study, we aimed to evaluate the status of EpCAM in CTCs isolated from a group of metastatic colorectal cancer patients, in 40% of whom, CTC had been found to be undetected by the CellSearch® system. Methods: CTCs were analyzed using both a microfiltration method (ScreenCell) and CellSearch® in parallel. Furthermore, since EpCAM exists in 2 different variants, we investigated the presence of both its intracellular domain (EpICD) and extracellular domain (EpEX) through immunofluorescence staining of CTCs on filters. Results: Results from immunofluorescence experiments demonstrated that, overall, EpICD and/or EpEX was expressed in 176 CTCs detected by ScreenCell, while the CellSearch® system was able to capture only 10 CTCs. Conclusions: This is the first demonstration that the low sensitivity of CellSearch® to detect CTCs in colorectal cancer patients is not due to the lack of EpCAM. © 2017 Wichtig Publishing.
Neoplastic cells; circulating; neoplasms; cells CTC
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
EpCAM expressing circulating tumor cells in colorectal cancer / Nicolazzo, Chiara; Raimondi, Cristina; Francescangeli, Federica; Ceccarelli, Simona; Trenta, Patrizia; Magri, Valentina; Marchese, Cinzia; Zeuner, Ann; Gradilone, Angela; Gazzaniga, Paola. - In: THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL MARKERS. - ISSN 1724-6008. - (2017). [10.5301/ijbm.5000284]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/966321
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