Background: The goal of neurosurgery for cerebral intraparenchymal neoplasms of the eloquent areas is maximal resection with the preservation of normal functions, and minimizing operative risk and postoperative morbidity. Currently, modern technological advances in neuroradiological tools, neuronavigation, and intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have produced great improvements in postoperative morbidity after the surgery of cerebral eloquent areas. The integration of preoperative functional MRI (fMRI), intraoperative MRI (volumetric and diffusion tensor imaging [DTI]), and neuronavigation, defined as "functional neuronavigation" has improved the intraoperative detection of the eloquent areas. Methods : We reviewed 142 patients operated between 2004 and 2010 for intraparenchymal neoplasms involving or close to one or more major white matter tracts (corticospinal tract [CST], arcuate fasciculus [AF], optic radiation). All the patients underwent neurosurgery in a BrainSUITE equipped with a 1.5 T MR scanner and were preoperatively studied with fMRI and DTI for tractography for surgical planning. The patients underwent MRI and DTI during surgery after dural opening, after the gross total resection close to the white matter tracts, and at the end of the procedure. We evaluated the impact of fMRI on surgical planning and on the selection of the entry point on the cortical surface. We also evaluated the impact of preoperative and intraoperative DTI, in order to modify the surgical approach, to define the borders of resection, and to correlate this modality with subcortical neurophysiological monitoring. We evaluated the impact of the preoperative fMRI by intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring, performing "neuronavigational" brain mapping, following its data to localize the previously elicited areas after brain shift correction by intraoperative MRI. Results: The mean age of the 142 patients (89 M/53 F) was 59.1 years and the lesion involved the CST in 66 patients (57 %), the language pathways in 24 (21 %), and the optic radiations in 25 (22 %). The integration of tractographic data into the volumetric dataset for neuronavigation was technically possible in all cases. In all patients intraoperative DTI demonstrated a shift of the bundle position caused by the surgical procedure; its dislocation was both outward and inward in the range of +6 mm and -2 mm. Conclusion: We found a high concordance between fMRI/DTI and intraoperative brain mapping; their combination improves the sensitivity of each technique, reducing pitfalls and so defining "functional neuronavigation", increasing the definition of eloquent areas and also reducing the time of surgery.

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), pre-intraoperative tractography in neurosurgery. the experience of Sant’Andrea Rome University Hospital / D'Andrea, Giancarlo; Trillo', Giuseppe; Picotti, Veronica; Raco, Antonino. - In: ACTA NEUROCHIRURGICA. - ISSN 0942-0940. - STAMPA. - Supplement 124:(2017), pp. 241-250. [10.1007/978-3-319-39546-3_36]

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), pre-intraoperative tractography in neurosurgery. the experience of Sant’Andrea Rome University Hospital

D'ANDREA, GIANCARLO;TRILLO', Giuseppe;RACO, Antonino
2017

Abstract

Background: The goal of neurosurgery for cerebral intraparenchymal neoplasms of the eloquent areas is maximal resection with the preservation of normal functions, and minimizing operative risk and postoperative morbidity. Currently, modern technological advances in neuroradiological tools, neuronavigation, and intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have produced great improvements in postoperative morbidity after the surgery of cerebral eloquent areas. The integration of preoperative functional MRI (fMRI), intraoperative MRI (volumetric and diffusion tensor imaging [DTI]), and neuronavigation, defined as "functional neuronavigation" has improved the intraoperative detection of the eloquent areas. Methods : We reviewed 142 patients operated between 2004 and 2010 for intraparenchymal neoplasms involving or close to one or more major white matter tracts (corticospinal tract [CST], arcuate fasciculus [AF], optic radiation). All the patients underwent neurosurgery in a BrainSUITE equipped with a 1.5 T MR scanner and were preoperatively studied with fMRI and DTI for tractography for surgical planning. The patients underwent MRI and DTI during surgery after dural opening, after the gross total resection close to the white matter tracts, and at the end of the procedure. We evaluated the impact of fMRI on surgical planning and on the selection of the entry point on the cortical surface. We also evaluated the impact of preoperative and intraoperative DTI, in order to modify the surgical approach, to define the borders of resection, and to correlate this modality with subcortical neurophysiological monitoring. We evaluated the impact of the preoperative fMRI by intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring, performing "neuronavigational" brain mapping, following its data to localize the previously elicited areas after brain shift correction by intraoperative MRI. Results: The mean age of the 142 patients (89 M/53 F) was 59.1 years and the lesion involved the CST in 66 patients (57 %), the language pathways in 24 (21 %), and the optic radiations in 25 (22 %). The integration of tractographic data into the volumetric dataset for neuronavigation was technically possible in all cases. In all patients intraoperative DTI demonstrated a shift of the bundle position caused by the surgical procedure; its dislocation was both outward and inward in the range of +6 mm and -2 mm. Conclusion: We found a high concordance between fMRI/DTI and intraoperative brain mapping; their combination improves the sensitivity of each technique, reducing pitfalls and so defining "functional neuronavigation", increasing the definition of eloquent areas and also reducing the time of surgery.
dti; fmri; intraoperative mri; surgery; neurology (clinical)
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Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), pre-intraoperative tractography in neurosurgery. the experience of Sant’Andrea Rome University Hospital / D'Andrea, Giancarlo; Trillo', Giuseppe; Picotti, Veronica; Raco, Antonino. - In: ACTA NEUROCHIRURGICA. - ISSN 0942-0940. - STAMPA. - Supplement 124:(2017), pp. 241-250. [10.1007/978-3-319-39546-3_36]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/966166
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