Hepatic fibrosis occurs during the progression of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and is characterized by accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins. Proliferating cholangiocytes and activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) participate in the promotion of liver fibrosis during cholestasis. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is a trophic peptide hormone synthesized by hypothalamic neurons and the biliary epithelium and exerts its biological effects on cholangiocytes by interaction with the receptor subtype (GnRHR1) expressed by cholangiocytes and HSCs. Previously, we demonstrated that administration of GnRH to normal rats increased intrahepatic biliary mass (IBDM) and hepatic fibrosis. Also, miR-200b is associated with the progression of hepatic fibrosis; however, the role of the GnRH/GnRHR1/miR-200b axis in the development of hepatic fibrosis in PSC is unknown. Herein, using the mouse model of PSC (multidrug resistance gene 2 knockout), the hepatic knockdown of GnRH decreased IBDM and liver fibrosis. In vivo and in vitro administration of GnRH increased the expression of miR-200b and fibrosis markers. The GnRH/GnRHR1 axis and miR-200b were up-regulated in human PSC samples. Cetrorelix, a GnRHR1 antagonist, inhibited the expression of fibrotic genes in vitro and decreased IBDM and hepatic fibrosis in vivo. Inhibition of miR-200b decreased the expression of fibrosis genes in vitro in cholangiocyte and HSC lines. Targeting the GnRH/GnRHR1/miR-200b axis may be key for the management of hepatic fibrosis during the progression of PSC.

Knockdown of hepatic gonadotropin-releasing hormone by vivo-morpholino decreases liver fibrosis in multidrug resistance gene 2 knockout mice by down-regulation of miR-200b / Kyritsi, Konstantina; Meng, Fanyin; Zhou, Tianhao; Wu, Nan; Venter, Julie; Francis, Heather; Kennedy, Lindsey; Onori, Paolo; Franchitto, Antonio; Bernuzzi, Francesca; Invernizzi, Pietro; Mcdaniel, Kelly; Mancinelli, Romina; Alvaro, Domenico; Gaudio, Eugenio; Alpini, Gianfranco; Glaser, Shannon. - In: THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PATHOLOGY. - ISSN 0002-9440. - STAMPA. - 7:187(2017), pp. 1551-1565. [10.1016/j.ajpath.2017.03.013]

Knockdown of hepatic gonadotropin-releasing hormone by vivo-morpholino decreases liver fibrosis in multidrug resistance gene 2 knockout mice by down-regulation of miR-200b

ONORI, PAOLO;FRANCHITTO, Antonio;MANCINELLI, ROMINA;ALVARO, Domenico;GAUDIO, EUGENIO;
2017

Abstract

Hepatic fibrosis occurs during the progression of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and is characterized by accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins. Proliferating cholangiocytes and activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) participate in the promotion of liver fibrosis during cholestasis. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is a trophic peptide hormone synthesized by hypothalamic neurons and the biliary epithelium and exerts its biological effects on cholangiocytes by interaction with the receptor subtype (GnRHR1) expressed by cholangiocytes and HSCs. Previously, we demonstrated that administration of GnRH to normal rats increased intrahepatic biliary mass (IBDM) and hepatic fibrosis. Also, miR-200b is associated with the progression of hepatic fibrosis; however, the role of the GnRH/GnRHR1/miR-200b axis in the development of hepatic fibrosis in PSC is unknown. Herein, using the mouse model of PSC (multidrug resistance gene 2 knockout), the hepatic knockdown of GnRH decreased IBDM and liver fibrosis. In vivo and in vitro administration of GnRH increased the expression of miR-200b and fibrosis markers. The GnRH/GnRHR1 axis and miR-200b were up-regulated in human PSC samples. Cetrorelix, a GnRHR1 antagonist, inhibited the expression of fibrotic genes in vitro and decreased IBDM and hepatic fibrosis in vivo. Inhibition of miR-200b decreased the expression of fibrosis genes in vitro in cholangiocyte and HSC lines. Targeting the GnRH/GnRHR1/miR-200b axis may be key for the management of hepatic fibrosis during the progression of PSC.
2017
liver; cholangiocytes; hepatic gonadotropin-releasing hormone
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Knockdown of hepatic gonadotropin-releasing hormone by vivo-morpholino decreases liver fibrosis in multidrug resistance gene 2 knockout mice by down-regulation of miR-200b / Kyritsi, Konstantina; Meng, Fanyin; Zhou, Tianhao; Wu, Nan; Venter, Julie; Francis, Heather; Kennedy, Lindsey; Onori, Paolo; Franchitto, Antonio; Bernuzzi, Francesca; Invernizzi, Pietro; Mcdaniel, Kelly; Mancinelli, Romina; Alvaro, Domenico; Gaudio, Eugenio; Alpini, Gianfranco; Glaser, Shannon. - In: THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PATHOLOGY. - ISSN 0002-9440. - STAMPA. - 7:187(2017), pp. 1551-1565. [10.1016/j.ajpath.2017.03.013]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/956934
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