Objective: Here we explored whether children with ADHD have a deficit in relational reasoning, a skill subtending the acquisition of many cognitive abilities and social rules. Method: We analyzed the performance of a group of children with ADHD during a transitive inference task, a task requiring first to learn the reciprocal relationship between adjacent items of a rank ordered series (e.g., A>B; B>C; C>D; D>E; E>F), and second, to deduct the relationship between novel pairs of items never matched during the learning (e.g., B>D; C>E). Results: As a main result, we observed that children with ADHD were impaired in performing inferential reasoning problems. The deficit in relational reasoning was found to be related to the difficulty in managing a unified representation of ordered items. Conclusion: The present finding documented a novel deficit in ADHD, contributing to improving the understanding of the disorder. (PsycINFO Database Record

Evaluation of relational reasoning by a transitive inference task in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder / Brunamonti, Emiliano; Costanzo, Floriana; Mammi', Anna; Rufini, Cristina; Veneziani, Diletta; Pani, Pierpaolo; Vicari, Stefano; Ferraina, Stefano; Menghini, Deny. - In: NEUROPSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 1931-1559. - 31:2(2017), pp. 200-208. [10.1037/neu0000332]

Evaluation of relational reasoning by a transitive inference task in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

BRUNAMONTI, EMILIANO
;
MAMMI', ANNA;PANI, Pierpaolo;FERRAINA, Stefano;
2017

Abstract

Objective: Here we explored whether children with ADHD have a deficit in relational reasoning, a skill subtending the acquisition of many cognitive abilities and social rules. Method: We analyzed the performance of a group of children with ADHD during a transitive inference task, a task requiring first to learn the reciprocal relationship between adjacent items of a rank ordered series (e.g., A>B; B>C; C>D; D>E; E>F), and second, to deduct the relationship between novel pairs of items never matched during the learning (e.g., B>D; C>E). Results: As a main result, we observed that children with ADHD were impaired in performing inferential reasoning problems. The deficit in relational reasoning was found to be related to the difficulty in managing a unified representation of ordered items. Conclusion: The present finding documented a novel deficit in ADHD, contributing to improving the understanding of the disorder. (PsycINFO Database Record
2017
ADHD; inferential reasoning; problem solving
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Evaluation of relational reasoning by a transitive inference task in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder / Brunamonti, Emiliano; Costanzo, Floriana; Mammi', Anna; Rufini, Cristina; Veneziani, Diletta; Pani, Pierpaolo; Vicari, Stefano; Ferraina, Stefano; Menghini, Deny. - In: NEUROPSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 1931-1559. - 31:2(2017), pp. 200-208. [10.1037/neu0000332]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/955153
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