Recent climatic projections predict a decline in rainfall mainly during the summer period and an increase in air temperature for the Mediterranean basin, resulting in extended periods of soil water deficit. Mediterranean evergreen species attain drought resistance through different traits or combination of traits. The main objective of this research is to analyze the response of the evergreen species co-occurring in the Mediterranean maquis to variations in water availability and air temperature during the year. The results show that leaf structural traits significantly affect physiological traits as confirmed by the Partial Least Squares Regression analysis (PLS). In particular, the considered species have a similar leaf respiration (RL) trend during the year with the lowest rates in winter (mean 0.95 ± 0.44 µmol m-2 s-1) and the highest in drought (mean 3.05 ± 0.96 µmol m-2 s-1). Nevertheless, a different RL effect on gross photosynthesis (PG) during drought was observed. C. incanus, E. multiflora, R. officinalis and S. aspera have the highest RL/PG ratio (mean 0.54 ± 0.08), while Q. ilex, P. latifolia, P. lentiscus, A. unedo and E. arborea have the lowest (mean 0.22 ± 0.07). RL/PG ratio variations depend on the sensitivity of both the two parameters to drought. Considering the increase of the length and intensity of drought in the Mediterranean basin, and that the photosynthesis of Mediterranean evergreen species is frequently limited by sub-optimal conditions (i.e., water deficit, high light intensity and high air temperature), it is important to improve knowledge on RL, since it has a critical function in modulating carbon balance of Mediterranean species.
Evergreen species response to Mediterranean climate stress factors / Gratani, Loretta; Catoni, Rosangela; Varone, Laura. - In: IFOREST. - ISSN 1971-7458. - STAMPA. - 9:6(2016), pp. 946-953.
|Titolo:||Evergreen species response to Mediterranean climate stress factors|
GRATANI, Loretta (Corresponding author)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Citazione:||Evergreen species response to Mediterranean climate stress factors / Gratani, Loretta; Catoni, Rosangela; Varone, Laura. - In: IFOREST. - ISSN 1971-7458. - STAMPA. - 9:6(2016), pp. 946-953.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|