A two-phase model based on the double-diffusive approach is used to perform a numerical study on natural convection of water-based nanofluids in square cavities differentially heated at two opposite walls, and inclined with respect to gravity so that the heated wall faces upwards. It is assumed that Brownian diffusion and thermophoresis are the only slip mechanisms by which the solid phase can develop a significant relative velocity with respect to the liquid phase. The system of the governing equations of continuity, momentum and energy for the nanofluid, and continuity for the nanoparticles, is solved through an in-house developed computational code which incorporates three empirical correlations for the evaluation of the effective thermal conductivity, the effective dynamic viscosity, and the thermophoretic diffusion coefficient, all based on literature experimental data. The pressure-velocity coupling is handled by way of the SIMPLE-C algorithm. Numerical simulations are executed for three different nanofluids, using the diameter and the average volume fraction of the suspended nanoparticles, as well as the tilting angle of the enclosure, the enclosure width, the average temperature of the nanofluid, and the temperature difference imposed across the cavity, as independent variables, whose effects are thoroughly analyzed and discussed. The existence of an optimal tilting angle of the enclosure and an optimal particle loading for maximum heat transfer is detected. In addition, a thermophoresis-induced periodic flow at tilting angles larger than 50° is found to occur for low to moderate values of both the nanofluid average temperature and the volume fraction of the suspended solid phase.

Buoyancy-driven convection of nanofluids in inclined enclosures / Quintino, Alessandro; Ricci, Elisa; Habib, Emanuele; Corcione, Massimo. - In: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING RESEARCH & DESIGN. - ISSN 0263-8762. - STAMPA. - 122:(2017), pp. 63-76. [10.1016/j.cherd.2017.04.007]

Buoyancy-driven convection of nanofluids in inclined enclosures

QUINTINO, ALESSANDRO;RICCI, ELISA;HABIB, Emanuele;CORCIONE, Massimo
2017

Abstract

A two-phase model based on the double-diffusive approach is used to perform a numerical study on natural convection of water-based nanofluids in square cavities differentially heated at two opposite walls, and inclined with respect to gravity so that the heated wall faces upwards. It is assumed that Brownian diffusion and thermophoresis are the only slip mechanisms by which the solid phase can develop a significant relative velocity with respect to the liquid phase. The system of the governing equations of continuity, momentum and energy for the nanofluid, and continuity for the nanoparticles, is solved through an in-house developed computational code which incorporates three empirical correlations for the evaluation of the effective thermal conductivity, the effective dynamic viscosity, and the thermophoretic diffusion coefficient, all based on literature experimental data. The pressure-velocity coupling is handled by way of the SIMPLE-C algorithm. Numerical simulations are executed for three different nanofluids, using the diameter and the average volume fraction of the suspended nanoparticles, as well as the tilting angle of the enclosure, the enclosure width, the average temperature of the nanofluid, and the temperature difference imposed across the cavity, as independent variables, whose effects are thoroughly analyzed and discussed. The existence of an optimal tilting angle of the enclosure and an optimal particle loading for maximum heat transfer is detected. In addition, a thermophoresis-induced periodic flow at tilting angles larger than 50° is found to occur for low to moderate values of both the nanofluid average temperature and the volume fraction of the suspended solid phase.
2017
nanofluid; natural convection in inclined enclosure; two-phase modeling; enhanced heat transfer
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Buoyancy-driven convection of nanofluids in inclined enclosures / Quintino, Alessandro; Ricci, Elisa; Habib, Emanuele; Corcione, Massimo. - In: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING RESEARCH & DESIGN. - ISSN 0263-8762. - STAMPA. - 122:(2017), pp. 63-76. [10.1016/j.cherd.2017.04.007]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/952689
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