According to the literature, inflated responsibility/sensitivity to guilt play a pivotal role in both the genesis and maintenance of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). They may be learned in childhood and adolescence, through particular experiences and parental rearing styles, involving criticism, excessively high standards, and social moralization. Preliminary data on the role of dysfunctional beliefs in the development/maintenance of OCD also show that non-affected family members of OC individuals score higher than controls in domains concerning responsibility, suggesting it might represent a candidate endophenotype for the disorder. Compulsive conducts, that far from being mechanical reactions are instead clearly goal-oriented, may be triggered by the need of preventing responsibility/guilt. Therefore, useful psychological interventions aimed at not only reappraising meanings associated with the specific early experiences connected to hyper-sensitivity to guilt, but also at developing a more general compassionate and forgiving stance towards oneself, may prove particularly effective.
Early childhood experiences shaping vulnerability to Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder / BARCACCIA, BARBARA; Tenore, Katia; Mancini, Francesco. - In: CLINICAL NEUROPSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 1724-4935. - STAMPA. - 6:12(2015), pp. 141-147.
|Titolo:||Early childhood experiences shaping vulnerability to Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder|
BARCACCIA, BARBARA (Primo) (Corresponding author)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Citazione:||Early childhood experiences shaping vulnerability to Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder / BARCACCIA, BARBARA; Tenore, Katia; Mancini, Francesco. - In: CLINICAL NEUROPSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 1724-4935. - STAMPA. - 6:12(2015), pp. 141-147.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|