Pressure swing adsorption (PSA) is an interesting technology for biogas upgrading, due to compactness of the equipment, low energy requirements, low capital cost, and safety and simplicity of operation. Unfortunately, some shortcomings penalize its diffusion in comparison with other technologies; in particular, conventional PSA has a low methane recovery and cannot compete in this field with other processes such as amine scrubbing; furthermore, it produces an off gas stream with a significant methane content, which requires further treatment to avoid the emission of residual methane into the atmosphere. In this framework, this study focuses on the feasibility of a PSA based separation process able to obtain a biomethane stream suitable to be injected in the natural gas grid (CO2 <3% by volume) with a high methane recovery and an almost pure CO2 stream (CO2 > 99%). The proposed process uses Zeolite 5A as adsorbent material in two PSA units; the biogas is fed to the first unit which produces biomethane; the off gas of the first unit is sent to a second PSA unit which separates carbon dioxide from a residual gas stream, recycled to the first to enhance methane recovery. A dynamic non-isothermal model, based on the linear driving force approximation, is employed to demonstrate the technological feasibility of the separation units and to assess the performance of the whole process. In particular a methane recovery greater than 99% can be obtained with energy consumption of about 1250 kJ per kg of biomethane.
|Titolo:||Pressure swing adsorption for biogas upgrading. A new process configuration for the separation of biomethane and carbon dioxide|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|