The quantification of muscle weakness is useful to evaluate the health status and performance of patients and athletes. In this paper, we proposed a novel methodology to investigate and to quantify the effects induced by inaccuracy sources occurring when using a hand-held dynamometer (HHD) for knee strength measurements. The validation methodology is based on the comparison between the output of a one-component commercial HHD and the outputs of a six-component load cell, comparable in dimension and mass. An optoelectronic system was used to measure HHD positioning angles and displacements. The setup allowed to investigate the effects induced by: 1) the operator's ability to place and to hold still the HHD and 2) ignoring the transversal components of the force exchanged. The main finding was that the use of a single component HHD induced an overall inaccuracy of 5% in the strength measurements if the angular misplacements are kept within the values found in this paper (≤15°) and with a knee range of motion ≤22°. Extension trials were the most critical due to the higher force exerted, i.e., 249.4 ± 27.3 versus 146.4 ± 23.9 N of knee flexion. The most relevant source of inaccuracy was identified in the angular displacement on the horizontal plane.

Analysis of knee strength measurements performed by a hand-held multicomponent dynamometer and optoelectronic system / Ancillao, Andrea; Rossi, Stefano; Cappa, Paolo. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENT. - ISSN 0018-9456. - STAMPA. - 66:1(2017), pp. 85-92. [10.1109/TIM.2016.2620799]

Analysis of knee strength measurements performed by a hand-held multicomponent dynamometer and optoelectronic system

ANCILLAO, ANDREA;ROSSI, STEFANO;CAPPA, Paolo
2017

Abstract

The quantification of muscle weakness is useful to evaluate the health status and performance of patients and athletes. In this paper, we proposed a novel methodology to investigate and to quantify the effects induced by inaccuracy sources occurring when using a hand-held dynamometer (HHD) for knee strength measurements. The validation methodology is based on the comparison between the output of a one-component commercial HHD and the outputs of a six-component load cell, comparable in dimension and mass. An optoelectronic system was used to measure HHD positioning angles and displacements. The setup allowed to investigate the effects induced by: 1) the operator's ability to place and to hold still the HHD and 2) ignoring the transversal components of the force exchanged. The main finding was that the use of a single component HHD induced an overall inaccuracy of 5% in the strength measurements if the angular misplacements are kept within the values found in this paper (≤15°) and with a knee range of motion ≤22°. Extension trials were the most critical due to the higher force exerted, i.e., 249.4 ± 27.3 versus 146.4 ± 23.9 N of knee flexion. The most relevant source of inaccuracy was identified in the angular displacement on the horizontal plane.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/927743
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