An immunologic adjuvant is a substance that enhances the antigen-specific immune response preferably without triggering one on its own. Silicone, a synthetic polymer used for reconstructive and cosmetic purposes, can cause, once injected, local and/or systemic reactions and trigger manifestations of autoimmunity, occasionally leading to an overt autoimmune disease. Siliconosis, calcinosis cutis with hypercalcemia and chronic kidney disease have all been reported in association with silicone injection. Here, we describe a case of autoimmune/auto-inflammatory syndrome induced by adjuvants, calcinosis cutis and chronic kidney disease after liquid silicone multiple injections in a young man who underwent a sex reassignment surgery, followed by a review of the literature. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing the concomitance of the three clinical conditions in the same patients. The link between silicone and the immune system is not completely understood yet and requires further reports and investigations with long-term data, in order to identify the main individual and genetical risk factors predisposing to the wide spectrum of the adjuvant-induced responses.

ASIA syndrome, calcinosis cutis and chronic kidney disease following silicone injections. A case-based review / Barilaro, Giuseppe; SPAZIANI TESTA, Claudia; Cacciani, Antonella; Donato, Giuseppe; Dimko, Mira; Mariotti, Amalia. - In: IMMUNOLOGIC RESEARCH. - ISSN 0257-277X. - 64:5-6(2016), pp. 1142-1149. [10.1007/s12026-016-8871-1]

ASIA syndrome, calcinosis cutis and chronic kidney disease following silicone injections. A case-based review

BARILARO, GIUSEPPE;SPAZIANI TESTA, CLAUDIA;DONATO, Giuseppe;DIMKO, MIRA;
2016

Abstract

An immunologic adjuvant is a substance that enhances the antigen-specific immune response preferably without triggering one on its own. Silicone, a synthetic polymer used for reconstructive and cosmetic purposes, can cause, once injected, local and/or systemic reactions and trigger manifestations of autoimmunity, occasionally leading to an overt autoimmune disease. Siliconosis, calcinosis cutis with hypercalcemia and chronic kidney disease have all been reported in association with silicone injection. Here, we describe a case of autoimmune/auto-inflammatory syndrome induced by adjuvants, calcinosis cutis and chronic kidney disease after liquid silicone multiple injections in a young man who underwent a sex reassignment surgery, followed by a review of the literature. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing the concomitance of the three clinical conditions in the same patients. The link between silicone and the immune system is not completely understood yet and requires further reports and investigations with long-term data, in order to identify the main individual and genetical risk factors predisposing to the wide spectrum of the adjuvant-induced responses.
ASIA syndrome; Calcinosis cutis; Chronic kidney disease; Hypercalcemia; Siliconosis; Immunology
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
ASIA syndrome, calcinosis cutis and chronic kidney disease following silicone injections. A case-based review / Barilaro, Giuseppe; SPAZIANI TESTA, Claudia; Cacciani, Antonella; Donato, Giuseppe; Dimko, Mira; Mariotti, Amalia. - In: IMMUNOLOGIC RESEARCH. - ISSN 0257-277X. - 64:5-6(2016), pp. 1142-1149. [10.1007/s12026-016-8871-1]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/926594
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