Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEU) is a non-invasive imaging technique that provides real-time, bedside information on changes in global and segmental organ perfusion. Currently, there is a lack of data concerning changes in the distribution of segmental brain perfusion in acute ischemic stroke treated by decompressive craniectomy. The aim of our case series was to assess the role of CEU after decompressive craniectomy in patients with acute ischemic stroke. CEU was performed in 12 patients at baseline and after any one of the following interventions was performed as dictated by the patient's clinical condition: vasoactive drug administration (in order to achieve cerebral perfusion pressure ≥70 mm Hg and mean arterial pressure <100 mm Hg for management of arterial blood pressure) and mild hyperventilation (carbon dioxide arterial pressure = 30-35 mm Hg). CEU was able to detect a significant variation in cerebral contrast distribution in both normal and pathologic hemispheres after induced hyperventilation (difference in time to peak [dTTP] = -38.4%), vasodilation (dTTP = -6.6%) and vasoconstriction (dTTP = +31.2%) (p < 0.05). CEU can be useful in assessing real-time cerebral perfusion changes in neurocritical care patients.

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging in detection of changes in cerebral perfusion / Bilotta, Federico; Robba, C; Santoro, Antonio; Delfini, Roberto; Rosa, Giovanni; Agati, Luciano. - In: ULTRASOUND IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0301-5629. - STAMPA. - 42:11(2016), pp. 2708-2716. [10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2016.06.007]

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging in detection of changes in cerebral perfusion.

BILOTTA, Federico;SANTORO, Antonio;DELFINI, Roberto;ROSA, Giovanni;AGATI, Luciano
2016

Abstract

Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEU) is a non-invasive imaging technique that provides real-time, bedside information on changes in global and segmental organ perfusion. Currently, there is a lack of data concerning changes in the distribution of segmental brain perfusion in acute ischemic stroke treated by decompressive craniectomy. The aim of our case series was to assess the role of CEU after decompressive craniectomy in patients with acute ischemic stroke. CEU was performed in 12 patients at baseline and after any one of the following interventions was performed as dictated by the patient's clinical condition: vasoactive drug administration (in order to achieve cerebral perfusion pressure ≥70 mm Hg and mean arterial pressure <100 mm Hg for management of arterial blood pressure) and mild hyperventilation (carbon dioxide arterial pressure = 30-35 mm Hg). CEU was able to detect a significant variation in cerebral contrast distribution in both normal and pathologic hemispheres after induced hyperventilation (difference in time to peak [dTTP] = -38.4%), vasodilation (dTTP = -6.6%) and vasoconstriction (dTTP = +31.2%) (p < 0.05). CEU can be useful in assessing real-time cerebral perfusion changes in neurocritical care patients.
contrast ultrasound imaging; decompressive craniectomy; brain perfusion; intra-cranial pressure
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Contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging in detection of changes in cerebral perfusion / Bilotta, Federico; Robba, C; Santoro, Antonio; Delfini, Roberto; Rosa, Giovanni; Agati, Luciano. - In: ULTRASOUND IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0301-5629. - STAMPA. - 42:11(2016), pp. 2708-2716. [10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2016.06.007]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/902438
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