OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to develop a diagnostic-therapeutic algorithm for those suffering from tinnitus who seek emergency aid. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature review has been performed on articles from the last 30 years. RESULTS: It is important to activate medical or surgical diagnostic and therapeutic strategies, in order to safeguard and rehabilitate the various functions affected. Psychiatric comorbidity is the most frequent pathological condition of those with serious or catastrophic tinnitus. In these cases, mortality risk is linked to suicide, morbidity to tinnitus-correlated distress. CONCLUSIONS: Tinnitus, mainly linked to loss of hearing, is a frequent symptom among the population at large. About 7% of those affected by tinnitus turn to their doctor to solve their problem, while between 0.5 and 2% request urgent medical assistance. Their cry for help may be the result of an acute onset of tinnitus or the rapid impairment of an already chronic condition. Tinnitus is not considered an urgent ear, nose and throat (ENT) condition by the Associazione Otorinolaringologi Ospedalieri Italiani (AOOI) [Italian Association of Hospital ENT], even though there are many pathological conditions, sometimes serious, associated with tinnitus and emergency action is necessary to reduce the risk of morbidity and mortality.

When alarm bells ring: emergency tinnitus / Altissimi, Giancarlo; Salviati, M; Turchetta, Rosaria; Orlando, Maria Patrizia; Greco, Antonio; Vincentiis, M. DE; Ciofalo, Andrea; Marinelli, C; Testugini, C; Mazzei, F; Cianfrone, Giancarlo. - In: EUROPEAN REVIEW FOR MEDICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 2284-0729. - STAMPA. - 14:20(2016), pp. 2955-2973.

When alarm bells ring: emergency tinnitus

Altissimi, Giancarlo
Primo
;
Salviati, M
Secondo
;
Turchetta, Rosaria;Orlando, Maria Patrizia;Greco, Antonio;Vincentiis, M. DE;Ciofalo, Andrea;Mazzei, F
Penultimo
;
Cianfrone, Giancarlo
Ultimo
2016

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to develop a diagnostic-therapeutic algorithm for those suffering from tinnitus who seek emergency aid. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature review has been performed on articles from the last 30 years. RESULTS: It is important to activate medical or surgical diagnostic and therapeutic strategies, in order to safeguard and rehabilitate the various functions affected. Psychiatric comorbidity is the most frequent pathological condition of those with serious or catastrophic tinnitus. In these cases, mortality risk is linked to suicide, morbidity to tinnitus-correlated distress. CONCLUSIONS: Tinnitus, mainly linked to loss of hearing, is a frequent symptom among the population at large. About 7% of those affected by tinnitus turn to their doctor to solve their problem, while between 0.5 and 2% request urgent medical assistance. Their cry for help may be the result of an acute onset of tinnitus or the rapid impairment of an already chronic condition. Tinnitus is not considered an urgent ear, nose and throat (ENT) condition by the Associazione Otorinolaringologi Ospedalieri Italiani (AOOI) [Italian Association of Hospital ENT], even though there are many pathological conditions, sometimes serious, associated with tinnitus and emergency action is necessary to reduce the risk of morbidity and mortality.
2016
tinnitus; decompensated tinnitus; psychiatric comorbidity; suicide
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
When alarm bells ring: emergency tinnitus / Altissimi, Giancarlo; Salviati, M; Turchetta, Rosaria; Orlando, Maria Patrizia; Greco, Antonio; Vincentiis, M. DE; Ciofalo, Andrea; Marinelli, C; Testugini, C; Mazzei, F; Cianfrone, Giancarlo. - In: EUROPEAN REVIEW FOR MEDICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 2284-0729. - STAMPA. - 14:20(2016), pp. 2955-2973.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/897074
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