Hyperthyroidism in elderly patients is not to be under- evaluated, since it is characterized in such age range by particular clinical and prognostic features. Based upon literature survey and their clinical experience, the authors discuss in the present paper clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic problems of hyperthyroidism in geriatric patients. In the period between 1978-2003 out of 1804 patients surgically treated for thyroid disease (non neoplastic in 1470 pts.), 180 subjects presented hyperthyroidism (17%). 36 were in geriatric age-range (mean age 76 yr.; 29 females and 7 males). 26 presented a Multinodular Toxic Goiter (72.2%), whereas 9 patients complained of Plummer Adenoma (25%); only 1 patient showed Basedow disease (2.7%). As far as ASA classification, there were 7 ASA I, 27 ASA II and 2 ASA III. Compression of digestive tract and/or respiratory airway represented a surgical indication in 15 patients (41.6%). 12 (33.4%) were operated due to predominant cardiac symptoms (tachycardia, atrial fibrillation). The remaining 9 patients (25%) were treated for the concomitance of atypical symptoms of hyperthyroidism. We performed 15 total thyroidectomy, 7 "near totally", 8 sub-total, 6 hemithyroidectomy in case of Plummer adenoma. Postoperative mortality was nihil; p.o. morbidity was 5.5% for medical conditions (pneumonia) and surgery-related (1 laryngeal recurrent paralysis and 1 hypoparathyroidism) in 5.5%. Post-operative follow-up, conducted at 6 and 12 months from the operation, showed regression of hyperthyroidism and regression or improvement of all clinical symptoms complained by the patient. Surgical treatment seems to be the only immediate and definitive cure for hyperthyroidism. Geriatric age does not seem to be a surgical contraindication.
Hyperthyroidism in the elderly / Simi, M; Leardi, S; Pietroletti, R; Baschieri, I; Catani, M; Ronga, Giuseppe; Manili, G; Capitano, S.. - In: ANNALI ITALIANI DI CHIRURGIA. - ISSN 0003-469X. - 76:1(2005), pp. 19-22.
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|Titolo:||Hyperthyroidism in the elderly|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Citazione:||Hyperthyroidism in the elderly / Simi, M; Leardi, S; Pietroletti, R; Baschieri, I; Catani, M; Ronga, Giuseppe; Manili, G; Capitano, S.. - In: ANNALI ITALIANI DI CHIRURGIA. - ISSN 0003-469X. - 76:1(2005), pp. 19-22.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|