This paper focuses on the seismic performance of geosynthetic-reinforced retaining walls (GRWs) that several evidences have shown to be generally adequate. This can be attributed to the dissipation of energy produced by the internal plastic mechanisms activated during the seismic shaking, and to an overall ductile behaviour related to the large deformation that can be accommodated by the soil-reinforcement system. Using a number of numerical computations, this work compares the behaviour of three idealized structures that were conceived in order to have a similar seismic resistance, that however is activated through different plastic mechanisms. The analyses include numerical pseudo-static computations, carried out iteratively to failure, and time-domain nonlinear dynamic analyses, in which acceleration time-histories were applied to the bottom boundary of the same numerical models used for the pseudo-static analyses. The results of the dynamic analyses were interpreted in the light of the plastic mechanisms obtained with the pseudo-static procedure, confirming that GRWs develop local plastic mechanisms during strong motion resulting in a significant improvement of their seismic performance.

Dissipative behaviour of reinforced-earth retaining structures under severe ground motion

MASINI, LUCA;CALLISTO, Luigi;RAMPELLO, SEBASTIANO
2015

Abstract

This paper focuses on the seismic performance of geosynthetic-reinforced retaining walls (GRWs) that several evidences have shown to be generally adequate. This can be attributed to the dissipation of energy produced by the internal plastic mechanisms activated during the seismic shaking, and to an overall ductile behaviour related to the large deformation that can be accommodated by the soil-reinforcement system. Using a number of numerical computations, this work compares the behaviour of three idealized structures that were conceived in order to have a similar seismic resistance, that however is activated through different plastic mechanisms. The analyses include numerical pseudo-static computations, carried out iteratively to failure, and time-domain nonlinear dynamic analyses, in which acceleration time-histories were applied to the bottom boundary of the same numerical models used for the pseudo-static analyses. The results of the dynamic analyses were interpreted in the light of the plastic mechanisms obtained with the pseudo-static procedure, confirming that GRWs develop local plastic mechanisms during strong motion resulting in a significant improvement of their seismic performance.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/868441
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