Background: Detection of anti-transglutaminase, anti-endomysium and anti-gliadin antibodies is commonly used to screen celiac disease patients. Besides that in serum, these antibodies are detectable in culture supernatants of oral, duodenal and colonic biopsy samples, saliva, gut lavage fluid samples, and fecal supernatants. Our aim was to extend the intestinal antibody pattern in fecal supernatants from patients with celiac disease. Methods: The fecal supernatants obtained from 25 celiac disease patients and 12 healthy volunteers were used to determine IgA and IgG1 anti-endomysium by immunofluorescence analysis, IgA and IgG anti-transglutaminase, IgA and IgG anti-deamidated gliadin peptides, IgA/IgG anti-transglutaminase/deamidated gliadin peptides and IgA anti-actin by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: IgA anti-endomysium were found in 11 of 25 (44.0%) celiac disease patients and in none of healthy volunteers (p=0.0066). The levels of IgA anti-transglutaminase, IgA anti-deamidated gliadin peptides, IgA/IgG anti-transglutaminase/deamidated gliadin peptides and IgA anti-actin determined in celiac disease patients were significantly higher (p=0.0005, p=0.0018, p=0.0061 and p=0.0477, respectively) than those measured in healthy volunteers. The ROC curve analysis showed a diagnostic significance in IgA anti-transglutaminase (AUC=0.862, p<0.0001), IgA anti-deamidated gliadin peptides (AUC=0.822, p<0.0001) and IgA/IgG anti-transglutaminase/deamidated gliadin peptides (AUC=0.783, p=0.0003) fecal tests. Conclusions: Our data extend the intestinal antibody pattern detectable in fecal supernatants, thus increasing the knowledge in the humoral immunity of celiac disease. Further studies are needed to better evaluate the role of fecal antibody tests in identifying celiac disease patients.

Extension of the celiac intestinal antibody (CIA) pattern through eight antibody assessments in fecal supernatants from patients with celiac disease / Di Tola, Marco; Marino, Mariacatia; Casale, Rossella; Di Battista, Valeria; Borghini, Raffaele; Picarelli, Antonio. - In: IMMUNOBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0171-2985. - 221:1(2016), pp. 63-69. [10.1016/j.imbio.2015.07.021]

Extension of the celiac intestinal antibody (CIA) pattern through eight antibody assessments in fecal supernatants from patients with celiac disease

DI TOLA, MARCO;MARINO, MARIACATIA;CASALE, ROSSELLA;BORGHINI, RAFFAELE;PICARELLI, Antonio
2016

Abstract

Background: Detection of anti-transglutaminase, anti-endomysium and anti-gliadin antibodies is commonly used to screen celiac disease patients. Besides that in serum, these antibodies are detectable in culture supernatants of oral, duodenal and colonic biopsy samples, saliva, gut lavage fluid samples, and fecal supernatants. Our aim was to extend the intestinal antibody pattern in fecal supernatants from patients with celiac disease. Methods: The fecal supernatants obtained from 25 celiac disease patients and 12 healthy volunteers were used to determine IgA and IgG1 anti-endomysium by immunofluorescence analysis, IgA and IgG anti-transglutaminase, IgA and IgG anti-deamidated gliadin peptides, IgA/IgG anti-transglutaminase/deamidated gliadin peptides and IgA anti-actin by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: IgA anti-endomysium were found in 11 of 25 (44.0%) celiac disease patients and in none of healthy volunteers (p=0.0066). The levels of IgA anti-transglutaminase, IgA anti-deamidated gliadin peptides, IgA/IgG anti-transglutaminase/deamidated gliadin peptides and IgA anti-actin determined in celiac disease patients were significantly higher (p=0.0005, p=0.0018, p=0.0061 and p=0.0477, respectively) than those measured in healthy volunteers. The ROC curve analysis showed a diagnostic significance in IgA anti-transglutaminase (AUC=0.862, p<0.0001), IgA anti-deamidated gliadin peptides (AUC=0.822, p<0.0001) and IgA/IgG anti-transglutaminase/deamidated gliadin peptides (AUC=0.783, p=0.0003) fecal tests. Conclusions: Our data extend the intestinal antibody pattern detectable in fecal supernatants, thus increasing the knowledge in the humoral immunity of celiac disease. Further studies are needed to better evaluate the role of fecal antibody tests in identifying celiac disease patients.
celiac disease; celiac intestinal antibody pattern; fecal antibody tests; fecal supernatants
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Extension of the celiac intestinal antibody (CIA) pattern through eight antibody assessments in fecal supernatants from patients with celiac disease / Di Tola, Marco; Marino, Mariacatia; Casale, Rossella; Di Battista, Valeria; Borghini, Raffaele; Picarelli, Antonio. - In: IMMUNOBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0171-2985. - 221:1(2016), pp. 63-69. [10.1016/j.imbio.2015.07.021]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/867629
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