Numerous Deep-Seated Gravitational Slope Deformations (DSGSDs) occur throughout Italy, that originate from particular tectono-stratigraphic settings, relief, seismicity, deglaciation, as well as from intense and deep processes of chemico-physical weathering of crystalline–metamorphic rocks. These DSGSDs are particularly widespread in the Calabrian mountains. This study is focused on the Mt. Granieri–Salincriti slope, on the Ionian side of the Serre Massif, where granites and granodiorites (Stilo Unit, Palaeozoic) are in contact with metamorphites through a thermal–metamorphic aureole. This setting generates deep geochemical processes, inducing intense chemical weathering. These processes are mainly due to the interaction between groundwater and the sulphides that are contained in the local pegmatitic–hydrothermal intrusions, especially along the thermal–metamorphic contact belt. The Mt. Granieri–Salincriti slope has an important DSGSD, which is associated with many active and/or quiescent landslides. Among these landslides, the Salincriti rock avalanche-debris flow (about 2 M m3) represents the paroxysmal and terminal stage of the deep creep deformations of Mt. Granieri, typifying a geological setting that is common in the Calabrian Arc. This multi-disciplinary study assessed the weathering susceptibility of the local crystalline–metamorphic rocks, especially those lying along thermal–metamorphic contact belts, by characterising the weathering horizons and the spatial distribution of weathering in the rock mass. The study was also aimed at identifying the relations between weathering, above all deep geochemical processes, effects on rocks and slope morphodynamics. The methodology was based on detailed geological data, geological–engineering surveys, geomorphology and surface hydrogeology analyses, as well as physico-mechanical laboratory tests. These investigations, supported by a monitoring program, led to the development of an engineering–geological model of the slope. Geological character (attributed to a thermal–metamorphic contact belt), geomorphological evidence and geomechanical elements elucidated the interactions between deep geochemical processes and weak belts in the investigated rocks, as well as the critical role that these interactions play in the evolution of deep-seated creep deformations and associated shallow landslides.
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|Titolo:||Impact of weathehering on the geomechanical properties of rocks along thermal-matamorphic contact belts and morpho-evolutionary processes: the deep-seated gravitational slope deformations of Mt. Granieri-Salincriti (Calabria-Italy)|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|