INTRODUCTION: Acute antibody-mediated rejection (AAMR) is the subject of much research. It is diagnosed by C4d staining at biopsy and circulating donor-specific antibodies (DSA). The combination of intensive plasmapheresis and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been recognized as an effective treatment for AAMR. We report our single-center experience on AAMR treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We treated 23 transplanted patients (group A) with protein-A immunoadsorption (IA) and 7 patients (group B) with double-filtration plasmapheresis. All patients were treated with IVIG (400 mg/kg/d). Basic immunosuppression included cyclosporine, steroids, azathioprine, and antilymphocyte globulin or monoclonal antibodies (OKT3). A subgroup of 3 patients (3/7; group B1) was treated with photopheresis. RESULTS: In both groups, the mean number of extracorporeal procedures was 7.3 ± 4.5 and 5.5, respectively; the mean duration of treatment was 12.3 ± 10.2 and 14.5 days, respectively. In group A, we observed negative cross-matching in 96% after mean of 18 days; 1 patient died from sepsis, and 6 lost their grafts. In group B, negative circulating DSA were observed in all patients after a mean of 25 days, and 1 patient lost their allograft. CONCLUSIONS: In our observation, the 2 extracorporeal procedures had similar effects in terms of graft survival, DSA removal, and cross-match negativity (group A 74% vs 86%; 95.6% vs 100%). IA was faster for DSA removal. In our opinion, the higher costs of IA suggests its use just in high-risk cases, such as in hyperimmune or sensitized patients. Further studies are necessary to improve our knowledge

Plasmapheresis, photopheresis, and endovenous immunoglobulin in acute antibody-mediated rejection in kidney transplantation / Pretagostini, Renzo; Poli, Luca; Gozzer, M.; Pettorini, Laura; Garofalo, Manuela; Novelli, Simone; Cinti, Paola; Berloco, Pasquale Bartolomeo. - In: TRANSPLANTATION PROCEEDINGS. - ISSN 0041-1345. - STAMPA. - 47:7(2015), pp. 2142-2144. [10.1016/j.transproceed.2015.01.030]

Plasmapheresis, photopheresis, and endovenous immunoglobulin in acute antibody-mediated rejection in kidney transplantation

PRETAGOSTINI, Renzo;POLI, Luca;PETTORINI, LAURA;GAROFALO, MANUELA;NOVELLI, SIMONE;CINTI, Paola;BERLOCO, Pasquale Bartolomeo
2015

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Acute antibody-mediated rejection (AAMR) is the subject of much research. It is diagnosed by C4d staining at biopsy and circulating donor-specific antibodies (DSA). The combination of intensive plasmapheresis and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been recognized as an effective treatment for AAMR. We report our single-center experience on AAMR treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We treated 23 transplanted patients (group A) with protein-A immunoadsorption (IA) and 7 patients (group B) with double-filtration plasmapheresis. All patients were treated with IVIG (400 mg/kg/d). Basic immunosuppression included cyclosporine, steroids, azathioprine, and antilymphocyte globulin or monoclonal antibodies (OKT3). A subgroup of 3 patients (3/7; group B1) was treated with photopheresis. RESULTS: In both groups, the mean number of extracorporeal procedures was 7.3 ± 4.5 and 5.5, respectively; the mean duration of treatment was 12.3 ± 10.2 and 14.5 days, respectively. In group A, we observed negative cross-matching in 96% after mean of 18 days; 1 patient died from sepsis, and 6 lost their grafts. In group B, negative circulating DSA were observed in all patients after a mean of 25 days, and 1 patient lost their allograft. CONCLUSIONS: In our observation, the 2 extracorporeal procedures had similar effects in terms of graft survival, DSA removal, and cross-match negativity (group A 74% vs 86%; 95.6% vs 100%). IA was faster for DSA removal. In our opinion, the higher costs of IA suggests its use just in high-risk cases, such as in hyperimmune or sensitized patients. Further studies are necessary to improve our knowledge
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/857674
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