BACKGROUND: Time in therapeutic range (TTR) reflects the quality of anticoagulation and is inversely correlated with ischemic stroke in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. Few data on the relationship between TTR and myocardial infarction (MI) are available. We investigated the association between TTR and Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events (MACE) in a cohort of anticoagulated AF patients. METHODS: We calculated TTR for 627 AF patients on vitamin K antagonists, who were followed for a median of 30.8 months (1755 patients/year). The primary outcome was a combined endpoint of MACE including fatal/nonfatal MI and cardiovascular death. RESULTS: Mean age was 73.3 (±8.2) years, and 40.2% were women. During follow-up, we recorded 67 events: 19 stroke/TIA (1.1%/year) and 48 MACE (2.9%/year): 24 MI and 24 cardiovascular deaths. The cohort was categorized according to tertiles of TTR values: TTR 13-58%, 59-74%, and 75-100%. There was a significant increased rate of MACE across tertiles of TTR (Log-Rank test: p<0.001). On Cox proportion hazard analysis, the 2nd vs. 1st tertile of TTR (p=0.002, hazard ratio [HR] 0.347, confidence interval [CI] 95% 0.177-0.680), 3rd vs. 1st tertile of TTR (p<0.001, HR 0.164, CI 95% 0.067-0.402), age (p<0.001, HR 1.094, CI 95% 1.042-1.148), history of stroke/TIA (p=0.015, HR 2.294, CI 95% 1.172-4.490) and smoking (p=0.003, HR 3.450, CI 95% 1.532-7.769) predicted MACE. CONCLUSION: TTR was an independent predictor of MACE in our cohort of AF patients. Our findings suggest that a good anticoagulation control is necessary to reduce not only the risk of stroke but also that of MACE.

Inadequate anticoagulation by vitamin K antagonists is associated with major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with atrial fibrillation / Pastori, Daniele; Pignatelli, Pasquale; Saliola, Mirella; Carnevale, Roberto; Vicario, Tommasa; DEL BEN, Maria; Cangemi, Roberto; Barilla', Francesco; Lip, Gregory Y. H.; Violi, Francesco. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0167-5273. - ELETTRONICO. - 201:(2015), pp. 513-516. [10.1016/j.ijcard.2015.08.054]

Inadequate anticoagulation by vitamin K antagonists is associated with major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with atrial fibrillation

PASTORI, DANIELE;PIGNATELLI, Pasquale;SALIOLA, Mirella;CARNEVALE, Roberto;VICARIO, TOMMASA;DEL BEN, Maria;CANGEMI, ROBERTO;BARILLA', Francesco;VIOLI, Francesco
2015

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Time in therapeutic range (TTR) reflects the quality of anticoagulation and is inversely correlated with ischemic stroke in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. Few data on the relationship between TTR and myocardial infarction (MI) are available. We investigated the association between TTR and Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events (MACE) in a cohort of anticoagulated AF patients. METHODS: We calculated TTR for 627 AF patients on vitamin K antagonists, who were followed for a median of 30.8 months (1755 patients/year). The primary outcome was a combined endpoint of MACE including fatal/nonfatal MI and cardiovascular death. RESULTS: Mean age was 73.3 (±8.2) years, and 40.2% were women. During follow-up, we recorded 67 events: 19 stroke/TIA (1.1%/year) and 48 MACE (2.9%/year): 24 MI and 24 cardiovascular deaths. The cohort was categorized according to tertiles of TTR values: TTR 13-58%, 59-74%, and 75-100%. There was a significant increased rate of MACE across tertiles of TTR (Log-Rank test: p<0.001). On Cox proportion hazard analysis, the 2nd vs. 1st tertile of TTR (p=0.002, hazard ratio [HR] 0.347, confidence interval [CI] 95% 0.177-0.680), 3rd vs. 1st tertile of TTR (p<0.001, HR 0.164, CI 95% 0.067-0.402), age (p<0.001, HR 1.094, CI 95% 1.042-1.148), history of stroke/TIA (p=0.015, HR 2.294, CI 95% 1.172-4.490) and smoking (p=0.003, HR 3.450, CI 95% 1.532-7.769) predicted MACE. CONCLUSION: TTR was an independent predictor of MACE in our cohort of AF patients. Our findings suggest that a good anticoagulation control is necessary to reduce not only the risk of stroke but also that of MACE.
anticoagulant drugs; atrial fibrillation; cardiovascular diseases; myocardial infarction; warfarin; cardiology and cardiovascular medicin
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Inadequate anticoagulation by vitamin K antagonists is associated with major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with atrial fibrillation / Pastori, Daniele; Pignatelli, Pasquale; Saliola, Mirella; Carnevale, Roberto; Vicario, Tommasa; DEL BEN, Maria; Cangemi, Roberto; Barilla', Francesco; Lip, Gregory Y. H.; Violi, Francesco. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0167-5273. - ELETTRONICO. - 201:(2015), pp. 513-516. [10.1016/j.ijcard.2015.08.054]
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Pastori_Inadequate_2018.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 313.43 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
313.43 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/854023
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 13
  • Scopus 51
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 48
social impact