In this work, a turbulent backward-facing step flow at Reynolds number ReH = 17 520, laden with rod-like particles, is investigated by means of particle image velocimetry. Particle loadings tested are within 0.02% and 0.05% volume fractions; thus, the suspensions may be considered as dilute. The high spatial resolution allows the identification of fiber orientation within the flow, so that mutual interactions between phases can be investigated by considering flow modifications and phenomena related to preferential concentration and orientation of fibers. Fibers’ concentration data show a moderate trend to accumulate at the channel centreline, whereas orientation data display a strong preferential orientation of fibers. Specifically, the local fibers’ orientation is correlated to the flow field in terms of mean flow direction and plane of maximum shear. The occurrence of a symmetrical orientation profile with respect to the channel centre-line is reported as well as the tendency to recover such profile downstream of the step.

Interactions between fluid and fibers in a turbulent backward-facing step flow / Capone, Alessandro; Romano, Giovanni Paolo. - In: PHYSICS OF FLUIDS. - ISSN 1070-6631. - STAMPA. - 27:5(2015). [10.1063/1.4921190]

Interactions between fluid and fibers in a turbulent backward-facing step flow

CAPONE, ALESSANDRO
;
ROMANO, Giovanni Paolo
2015

Abstract

In this work, a turbulent backward-facing step flow at Reynolds number ReH = 17 520, laden with rod-like particles, is investigated by means of particle image velocimetry. Particle loadings tested are within 0.02% and 0.05% volume fractions; thus, the suspensions may be considered as dilute. The high spatial resolution allows the identification of fiber orientation within the flow, so that mutual interactions between phases can be investigated by considering flow modifications and phenomena related to preferential concentration and orientation of fibers. Fibers’ concentration data show a moderate trend to accumulate at the channel centreline, whereas orientation data display a strong preferential orientation of fibers. Specifically, the local fibers’ orientation is correlated to the flow field in terms of mean flow direction and plane of maximum shear. The occurrence of a symmetrical orientation profile with respect to the channel centre-line is reported as well as the tendency to recover such profile downstream of the step.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/853662
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