We present new multiband (UBVI) time-series data of helium burning variables in the Carina dwarf spheroidal galaxy. The current sample includes 92 RR Lyrae - six of them are new identifications - and 20 Anomalous Cepheids, one of which is new identification. The analysis of the Bailey diagram shows that the luminosity amplitude of the first overtone component in double-mode variables is located along the long-period tail of regular first overtone variables, while the fundamental component is located along the short-period tail of regular fundamental variables. This evidence further supports the transitional nature of these objects. Moreover, the distribution of Carina double-mode variables in the Petersen diagram (P1/P0 versus P0) is similar to metal-poor globulars (M15, M68), to the dwarf spheroidal Draco, and to the Galactic Halo. This suggests that the Carina old stellar population is metal-poor and affected by a small spread in metallicity. We use trigonometric parallaxes for five field RR Lyrae stars to provide an independent estimate of the Carina distance using the observed reddening free Period-Wesenheit [PW, (BV)] relation. Theory and observations indicate that this diagnostic is independent of metallicity. We found a true distance modulus of μ = 20.01 ± 0.02 (standard error of the mean) ± 0.05 (standard deviation) mag. We also provided independent estimates of the Carina true distance modulus using four predicted PW relations (BV, BI, VI, BVI) and we found: μ = (20.08 ± 0.007 ± 0.07) mag, μ = (20.06 ± 0.006 ± 0.06) mag, μ = (20.07 ± 0.008 ± 0.08) mag, and μ = (20.06 ± 0.006 ± 0.06) mag. Finally, we identified more than 100 new SX Phoenicis stars that together with those already known in the literature (340) make Carina a fundamental laboratory for constraining the evolutionary and pulsation properties of these transitional variables.

The Carina Project IX: on hydrogen and helium burning variables / Coppola, G.; Marconi, M.; Stetson, P. B.; Bono, G.; BRAGA, VITTORIO FRANCESCO; Ripepi, V.; Dall'Ora, M.; Musella, I.; Buonanno, R.; Fabrizio, M.; Ferraro, I.; Fiorentino, G.; Iannicola, G.; Monelli, M.; Nonino, M.; Thévenin, F.; Walker, A. R.. - In: THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL. - ISSN 0004-637X. - ELETTRONICO. - 814:(2015). [10.1088/0004-637X/814/1/71]

The Carina Project IX: on hydrogen and helium burning variables

BRAGA, VITTORIO FRANCESCO;
2015

Abstract

We present new multiband (UBVI) time-series data of helium burning variables in the Carina dwarf spheroidal galaxy. The current sample includes 92 RR Lyrae - six of them are new identifications - and 20 Anomalous Cepheids, one of which is new identification. The analysis of the Bailey diagram shows that the luminosity amplitude of the first overtone component in double-mode variables is located along the long-period tail of regular first overtone variables, while the fundamental component is located along the short-period tail of regular fundamental variables. This evidence further supports the transitional nature of these objects. Moreover, the distribution of Carina double-mode variables in the Petersen diagram (P1/P0 versus P0) is similar to metal-poor globulars (M15, M68), to the dwarf spheroidal Draco, and to the Galactic Halo. This suggests that the Carina old stellar population is metal-poor and affected by a small spread in metallicity. We use trigonometric parallaxes for five field RR Lyrae stars to provide an independent estimate of the Carina distance using the observed reddening free Period-Wesenheit [PW, (BV)] relation. Theory and observations indicate that this diagnostic is independent of metallicity. We found a true distance modulus of μ = 20.01 ± 0.02 (standard error of the mean) ± 0.05 (standard deviation) mag. We also provided independent estimates of the Carina true distance modulus using four predicted PW relations (BV, BI, VI, BVI) and we found: μ = (20.08 ± 0.007 ± 0.07) mag, μ = (20.06 ± 0.006 ± 0.06) mag, μ = (20.07 ± 0.008 ± 0.08) mag, and μ = (20.06 ± 0.006 ± 0.06) mag. Finally, we identified more than 100 new SX Phoenicis stars that together with those already known in the literature (340) make Carina a fundamental laboratory for constraining the evolutionary and pulsation properties of these transitional variables.
galaxies: individual (Carina); local groupstars: distances; stars: oscillations (including pulsations); stars: variables: RR Lyrae
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
The Carina Project IX: on hydrogen and helium burning variables / Coppola, G.; Marconi, M.; Stetson, P. B.; Bono, G.; BRAGA, VITTORIO FRANCESCO; Ripepi, V.; Dall'Ora, M.; Musella, I.; Buonanno, R.; Fabrizio, M.; Ferraro, I.; Fiorentino, G.; Iannicola, G.; Monelli, M.; Nonino, M.; Thévenin, F.; Walker, A. R.. - In: THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL. - ISSN 0004-637X. - ELETTRONICO. - 814:(2015). [10.1088/0004-637X/814/1/71]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/851318
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