Background: Olfactory dysfunction is present since the earliest stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In AD patients, the olfactory impairment has been correlated with atrophy of some structures of the olfactory system, but the role of the olfactory bulb remains unclear. Objective: The aim of our work is to test if patients suffering from AD exhibit a statistically significant reduction of the average volume of the olfactory bulb (OBV) compared to healthy subjects. Methods: 78 subjects were enrolled in the study and divided into three groups: 28 healthy elderly (22 females, 6 males, mean age 69.4 ± 9.2), 25 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) amnestic type (14 females, 11 males, mean age 74.5 ± 7.5), and 25 mild AD patients (14 females, 11 males, mean age 73.7 ± 6.8). Every subject underwent an MRI study of the olfactory bulb and an olfactory assessment with the Sniffin' Stick Extended Test. Results: The statistical analysis showed no correlation between the OBV and MCI or AD. Moreover, olfactory function and OBV were not correlated in any of the three groups. Conclusion: The reduction of OBV does not seem to represent an index of neuronal damage in the earliest stages of AD.

Olfactory dysfunction, olfactory bulb volume and alzheimer's disease. is there a correlation. a pilot study / Servello, ADRIANA DEBORA; Fioretti, Alessandra; Gualdi, Gianfranco; DI BIASI, Claudio; Pittalis, Angelo; Sollaku, Saadi; Pavaci, Silva; Tortorella, Federica; Fusetti, Marco; Valenti, Marco; Masedu, Francesco; Cacciafesta, Mauro; Marigliano, Vincenzo; Ettorre, Evaristo; Pagliarella, Martina. - In: JOURNAL OF ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE. - ISSN 1387-2877. - STAMPA. - 48:2(2015), pp. 395-402. [10.3233/JAD-150232]

Olfactory dysfunction, olfactory bulb volume and alzheimer's disease. is there a correlation. a pilot study

SERVELLO, ADRIANA DEBORA
;
GUALDI, GIANFRANCO;DI BIASI, Claudio;PITTALIS, Angelo;SOLLAKU, SAADI;FUSETTI, Marco;CACCIAFESTA, Mauro;MARIGLIANO, Vincenzo;ETTORRE, Evaristo;
2015

Abstract

Background: Olfactory dysfunction is present since the earliest stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In AD patients, the olfactory impairment has been correlated with atrophy of some structures of the olfactory system, but the role of the olfactory bulb remains unclear. Objective: The aim of our work is to test if patients suffering from AD exhibit a statistically significant reduction of the average volume of the olfactory bulb (OBV) compared to healthy subjects. Methods: 78 subjects were enrolled in the study and divided into three groups: 28 healthy elderly (22 females, 6 males, mean age 69.4 ± 9.2), 25 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) amnestic type (14 females, 11 males, mean age 74.5 ± 7.5), and 25 mild AD patients (14 females, 11 males, mean age 73.7 ± 6.8). Every subject underwent an MRI study of the olfactory bulb and an olfactory assessment with the Sniffin' Stick Extended Test. Results: The statistical analysis showed no correlation between the OBV and MCI or AD. Moreover, olfactory function and OBV were not correlated in any of the three groups. Conclusion: The reduction of OBV does not seem to represent an index of neuronal damage in the earliest stages of AD.
alzheimer's disease; hyposmia; mild cognitive impairment; olfactory bulb volume; psychiatry and mental health; geriatrics and gerontology; clinical psychology
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Olfactory dysfunction, olfactory bulb volume and alzheimer's disease. is there a correlation. a pilot study / Servello, ADRIANA DEBORA; Fioretti, Alessandra; Gualdi, Gianfranco; DI BIASI, Claudio; Pittalis, Angelo; Sollaku, Saadi; Pavaci, Silva; Tortorella, Federica; Fusetti, Marco; Valenti, Marco; Masedu, Francesco; Cacciafesta, Mauro; Marigliano, Vincenzo; Ettorre, Evaristo; Pagliarella, Martina. - In: JOURNAL OF ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE. - ISSN 1387-2877. - STAMPA. - 48:2(2015), pp. 395-402. [10.3233/JAD-150232]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/829744
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