Six months after the 4 September 2010 Mw7.1 Darfield (Canterbury) earthquake, a Mw6.2 Christchurch (Lyttelton) aftershock struck Christchurch on the 22 February 2011. This earthquake was centred approximately 10km south-east of the Christchurch CBD at a shallow depth of 5km, resulting in intense seismic shaking within the Christchurch central business district (CBD). Unlike the 4 Sept earthquake when limited-to-moderate damage was observed in engineered reinforced concrete (RC) buildings , in the 22 February event a high number of RC Buildings in the Christchurch CBD (16.2 % out of 833) were severely damaged. There were 182 fatalities, 135 of which were the unfortunate consequences of the complete collapse of two mid-rise RC buildings.This paper describes immediate observations of damage to RC buildings in the 22 February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. Some preliminary lessons are highlighted and discussed in light of the observed performance of the RC building stock. Damage statistics and typical damage patterns are presented for various configurations and lateral resisting systems. Data was collated predominantly from first-hand post-earthquake reconnaissance observations by the authors, complemented with detailed assessment of the structural drawings of critical buildings and the observed behaviour
Seismic Performance of Reinforced Concrete Buildings in the 22 February Christchurch (Lyttleton) Earthquake / Kam, W. Y.; Pampanin, Stefano; Elwood, K.. - In: BULLETIN OF THE NEW ZEALAND SOCIETY FOR EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING. - ISSN 1174-9857. - STAMPA. - 4:44(2012), pp. 239-279.