Emerging evidence suggests that the muscle microenvironment plays a prominent role in cancer cachexia. We recently showed that NF-kB - induced Pax7 overexpression impairs the myogenic potential of muscle precursors in cachectic mice, suggesting that lowering Pax7 expression may be beneficial in cancer cachexia. We evaluated the muscle regenerative potential after acute injury in C26 colon carcinoma tumor-bearing mice and healthy controls. Our analyses confirmed that the delayed muscle regeneration observed in muscles form tumor-bearing mice was associated with a persistent local inflammation and Pax7 overexpression. Physical activity is known to exert positive effects on cachectic muscles. However, the mechanism by which a moderate voluntary exercise ameliorates muscle wasting is not fully elucidated. To verify if physical activity affects Pax7 expression, we hosted control and C26-bearing mice in wheel-equipped cages and we found that voluntary wheel running down-regulated Pax7 expression in muscles from tumor-bearing mice. As expected, down-regulation of Pax7 expression was associated with a rescue of muscle mass and fiber size. Our findings shed light on the molecular basis of the beneficial effect exerted by a moderate physical exercise on muscle stem cells in cancer cachexia. Furthermore, we propose voluntary exercise as a physiological tool to counteract the over-expression of Pax7observed in cancer cachexia.

Spontaneous physical activity down-regulates Pax7 in cancer cachexia / Coletti, Dario; Aulino, Paola; Pigna, Eva; Barteri, Fabio; Moresi, Viviana; Annibali, Daniela; Adamo, Sergio; Berardi, Emanuele. - In: STEM CELLS INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 1687-966X. - ELETTRONICO. - 2016:(2016), pp. 1-9. [10.1155/2016/6729268]

Spontaneous physical activity down-regulates Pax7 in cancer cachexia

COLETTI, Dario;AULINO, PAOLA;PIGNA, EVA;MORESI, Viviana;ANNIBALI, DANIELA;ADAMO, Sergio;BERARDI, EMANUELE
2016

Abstract

Emerging evidence suggests that the muscle microenvironment plays a prominent role in cancer cachexia. We recently showed that NF-kB - induced Pax7 overexpression impairs the myogenic potential of muscle precursors in cachectic mice, suggesting that lowering Pax7 expression may be beneficial in cancer cachexia. We evaluated the muscle regenerative potential after acute injury in C26 colon carcinoma tumor-bearing mice and healthy controls. Our analyses confirmed that the delayed muscle regeneration observed in muscles form tumor-bearing mice was associated with a persistent local inflammation and Pax7 overexpression. Physical activity is known to exert positive effects on cachectic muscles. However, the mechanism by which a moderate voluntary exercise ameliorates muscle wasting is not fully elucidated. To verify if physical activity affects Pax7 expression, we hosted control and C26-bearing mice in wheel-equipped cages and we found that voluntary wheel running down-regulated Pax7 expression in muscles from tumor-bearing mice. As expected, down-regulation of Pax7 expression was associated with a rescue of muscle mass and fiber size. Our findings shed light on the molecular basis of the beneficial effect exerted by a moderate physical exercise on muscle stem cells in cancer cachexia. Furthermore, we propose voluntary exercise as a physiological tool to counteract the over-expression of Pax7observed in cancer cachexia.
2016
cancer cachexia; aerobic exercise; voluntary wheel running exercise; pax7; muscle regeneration
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Spontaneous physical activity down-regulates Pax7 in cancer cachexia / Coletti, Dario; Aulino, Paola; Pigna, Eva; Barteri, Fabio; Moresi, Viviana; Annibali, Daniela; Adamo, Sergio; Berardi, Emanuele. - In: STEM CELLS INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 1687-966X. - ELETTRONICO. - 2016:(2016), pp. 1-9. [10.1155/2016/6729268]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/820440
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