BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatitis C virus leads to chronic hepatitis in the majority of infected individuals. The mechanism of viral persistence is not completely understood. Hepatitis C virus core protein is produced within hepatocytes and is secreted during HCV infection. Our study characterizes the effects of core protein on T cell priming in mice. METHODS: We used a system of antigen-specific in vitro priming of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells by myeloid dendritic cells, hepatoma cells or primary hepatocytes. Core protein was either added to the cultures or expressed by antigen-presenting cells. RESULTS: Antigen-presenting cells treated with core protein showed reduced surface expression of major histocompatibility molecules. Myeloid dendritic cells showed also reduced expression of costimulatory molecules. CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells primed by these cells showed defects in activation, proliferation, and cytokine production. Importantly, CD4(+) and also CD8(+) T cells primed in the presence of core protein showed an increase in interleukin-10 production resembling the phenotype of regulatory T cells. CONCLUSIONS: Hepatitis C virus core protein inhibits priming of antigen-specific CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell responses by downregulation of major histocompatibility molecules and costimulatory molecules on antigen-presenting cells and induces development of IL-10-producing T cells.

„Hepatitis C virus core protein impairs in vitro priming of specific T cell responses by dendritic cells and hepatocytes” / Zimmermann, M; Flechsig, C; LA MONICA, N; Tripodi, Marco; Adler, G; AND N., Dikopoulos. - In: JOURNAL OF HEPATOLOGY. - ISSN 0168-8278. - STAMPA. - 48 (1)(2008), pp. 51-60. [10.1016/j.jhep.2007.08.008]

„Hepatitis C virus core protein impairs in vitro priming of specific T cell responses by dendritic cells and hepatocytes”.

TRIPODI, Marco;
2008

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatitis C virus leads to chronic hepatitis in the majority of infected individuals. The mechanism of viral persistence is not completely understood. Hepatitis C virus core protein is produced within hepatocytes and is secreted during HCV infection. Our study characterizes the effects of core protein on T cell priming in mice. METHODS: We used a system of antigen-specific in vitro priming of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells by myeloid dendritic cells, hepatoma cells or primary hepatocytes. Core protein was either added to the cultures or expressed by antigen-presenting cells. RESULTS: Antigen-presenting cells treated with core protein showed reduced surface expression of major histocompatibility molecules. Myeloid dendritic cells showed also reduced expression of costimulatory molecules. CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells primed by these cells showed defects in activation, proliferation, and cytokine production. Importantly, CD4(+) and also CD8(+) T cells primed in the presence of core protein showed an increase in interleukin-10 production resembling the phenotype of regulatory T cells. CONCLUSIONS: Hepatitis C virus core protein inhibits priming of antigen-specific CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell responses by downregulation of major histocompatibility molecules and costimulatory molecules on antigen-presenting cells and induces development of IL-10-producing T cells.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/81675
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