To reevaluate the current feature of spontaneous bilioenteric fistula we reviewed 81 cases who had been treated for biliary fistula between 1948 and 1998. After a review of the literature on this subject, the multiple problems relate to pathological anatomy, pathogenesis and physiopathology are discussed. Of 81 patients, 55 were women and 26 were men with the average age of 54.5 years. The most common type of fistula was cholecysto-duodenal (55 cases--68%), followed by cholecysto-colonic (11 cases--13.6%), choledocho-duodenal (7 cases--8.6%), cholecysto-gastric (4 cases--4.9%) and duodeno-left hepatic duct fistula (4 cases). The authors have found in 41 cases the gallstone ileus complications, in 12 cases inflammatory disease of biliary three, in 8 cases hemobilia, gallstone ileus with perforation and digestive hemorrhage compliances respectively. All the patients were treated with surgery. A first procedure consists of enterolithotomy, in gallstone ileus cases, followed by biliary surgery. In 14 patient the general or local conditions argued against one-stage procedure and two-stage procedure had been considered. In 63 patients a cholecystectomy was done, 15 were treated with enterolithotomy and 8 with intestinal resection. Seven patients with gastroduodenal ulcer based fistula have required a gastroduodenal resection. The mortality was 13.6% (11 cases).
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|Titolo:||[Spontaneous biliodigestive fistulae. The clinical considerations, surgical treatment and complications].|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|