Background: This study was designed to evaluate the predictive value of early specific toxicities on efficacy of weekly irinotecan/cetuximab administered as salvage therapy in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) refractory to oxaliplatin and irinotecan. Patients and Methods: Seventy patients received a regimen composed of weekly irinotecan 125 mg/m(2) as a 1-hour intravenous infusion and cetuximab 400 mg/m(2) infused over 2 hours as the initial dose and 250 mg/m(2) infused over 1 hour for subsequent administrations. A single treatment cycle was composed of 4 weekly irinotecan infusions followed by 2 weeks of rest.The predictive value of adverse events (AEs) attributable to cetuximab (rash) and major toxicities attributable to irinotecan (gastrointestinal [GI] and hematologic) were observed after the first cycle of treatment and, therefore, correlated to activity and efficacy of cetuximab and weekly irinotecan. Results: Sixty-six of 70 patients received >= 1 cycle of chemotherapy and were therefore evaluable for response. Overall, toxicity observed was generally mild and manageable. According to an intent-to-treat analysis, a partial response was exhibited in 15.7% of patients, with a median progression-free survival (PFS) and median overall survival time of 4 months and 9 months, respectively. As expected, PFS (P =.01) and median survival (P =.04) correlated strongly with the presence and severity of the rash. Surprisingly, the presence of at least moderate hematologic and GI toxicity was associated with improved PFS (P =.03). Conclusion: Our data suggest that irinotecan-induced AEs might predict a better outcome in advanced CRC.This finding would identify a different subset of patients-those likely to benefit from a renewed sensitivity to irinotecan induced by cetuximab.

A phase II study of cetuximab/irinotecan in patients with heavily pretreated metastatic colorectal cancer: Predictive value of early specific toxicities / Teresa, Gamucci; Fabrizio, Nelli; Giovanni, Cianci; Giulia, Grassi; Luca, Moscetti; Isabella, Sperduti; Massimo, Zeuli; Cortesi, Enrico; D'Auria, Giuliana; Camillo Francesco, Pollera. - In: CLINICAL COLORECTAL CANCER. - ISSN 1533-0028. - 7:4(2008), pp. 273-279. [10.3816/ccc.2008.n.035]

A phase II study of cetuximab/irinotecan in patients with heavily pretreated metastatic colorectal cancer: Predictive value of early specific toxicities

CORTESI, Enrico;D'AURIA, GIULIANA;
2008

Abstract

Background: This study was designed to evaluate the predictive value of early specific toxicities on efficacy of weekly irinotecan/cetuximab administered as salvage therapy in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) refractory to oxaliplatin and irinotecan. Patients and Methods: Seventy patients received a regimen composed of weekly irinotecan 125 mg/m(2) as a 1-hour intravenous infusion and cetuximab 400 mg/m(2) infused over 2 hours as the initial dose and 250 mg/m(2) infused over 1 hour for subsequent administrations. A single treatment cycle was composed of 4 weekly irinotecan infusions followed by 2 weeks of rest.The predictive value of adverse events (AEs) attributable to cetuximab (rash) and major toxicities attributable to irinotecan (gastrointestinal [GI] and hematologic) were observed after the first cycle of treatment and, therefore, correlated to activity and efficacy of cetuximab and weekly irinotecan. Results: Sixty-six of 70 patients received >= 1 cycle of chemotherapy and were therefore evaluable for response. Overall, toxicity observed was generally mild and manageable. According to an intent-to-treat analysis, a partial response was exhibited in 15.7% of patients, with a median progression-free survival (PFS) and median overall survival time of 4 months and 9 months, respectively. As expected, PFS (P =.01) and median survival (P =.04) correlated strongly with the presence and severity of the rash. Surprisingly, the presence of at least moderate hematologic and GI toxicity was associated with improved PFS (P =.03). Conclusion: Our data suggest that irinotecan-induced AEs might predict a better outcome in advanced CRC.This finding would identify a different subset of patients-those likely to benefit from a renewed sensitivity to irinotecan induced by cetuximab.
cutaneous toxicity; gastrointestinal toxicity; monoclonal antibodies; rash; salvage therapy
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
A phase II study of cetuximab/irinotecan in patients with heavily pretreated metastatic colorectal cancer: Predictive value of early specific toxicities / Teresa, Gamucci; Fabrizio, Nelli; Giovanni, Cianci; Giulia, Grassi; Luca, Moscetti; Isabella, Sperduti; Massimo, Zeuli; Cortesi, Enrico; D'Auria, Giuliana; Camillo Francesco, Pollera. - In: CLINICAL COLORECTAL CANCER. - ISSN 1533-0028. - 7:4(2008), pp. 273-279. [10.3816/ccc.2008.n.035]
File allegati a questo prodotto
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/80914
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 10
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 8
social impact