We read with interest the comment by Romee and Miller on our article published in Haematologica1 demonstrating that there is an increased frequency of the CD56lowCD16low natural killer (NK)-cell population in the bone marrow (BM) of children, both healthy subjects and leukemia patients. This NK-cell subset is endowed with higher cytotoxic activity and a similar ability to produce IFNγ as compared to the principal cytokine-producing CD56high NK-cell subset.2 With regard to the interesting observations raised by Romee and Miller, we think that the CD56lowCD16low NK-cell population we described in the BM of leukemia children does not necessarily represent a post-activation NK-cell state, being also present in healthy pediatric donors. However, we cannot completely exclude the possibility that their increased number as compared to those found in healthy donors might also be the result of an in vivo post-activation state of NK cells. In accordance with findings reported by Romee et al.,3 Lajoie et al.4 and Grzywacz et al.5 that shedding of CD16 is associated with the activity of A Disintegrin And Metalloproteinase-17 (ADAM17), we have preliminary data indicating that this metalloproteinase is significantly more abundant in the BM plasma of children affected by leukemia, as compared to healthy donors (Figure 1). Unfortunately, at present, the lack of evidence of ADAM17 activity in these samples does not allow us to conclude that the higher number of CD56lowCD16low NK cells observed in the BM of leukemia patients, together with their lower expression levels of CD62L, is attributable to increased ADAM17 activity. Our manuscript also shows that CD56lowCD16low NK cells are the principal cytotoxic population against both K562 erythroleukemia and autologous leukemia blasts, as evaluated by degranulation assay or 51Cr release assay using as effectors bulk NK cells or sorted NK-cell subsets, respectively. To rule out the possible contribution of CD56lowCD16high NK cells in the degranulating activity against K562 exerted by CD56lowCD16low NK cells, we performed experiments using sorted NK-cell subsets, and we found that CD56llowCD16low NK cells exhibit higher degranulating ability also when sorted NK-cell subsets were used as effector, in the absence of any cytokine pre-activation (Figure 2). We agree that starting from these observations, it would be very interesting to study the differentiation and maturation state of CD56lowCD16low NK cells, as well as the experimental conditions required to selectively expand in vitro this NK-cell subset in order to improve NK-cell-based immunotherapy. Experiments are ongoing to clarify these issues.

Response to comment on multifunctional human CD56<sup>low</sup>CD16<sup>low</sup> NK cells are the prominent subset in bone marrow of both pediatric healthy donors and leukemic patients / Stabile, MARIA HELENA; Nisti, Paolo; Pagliara, Daria; Locatelli, Franco; Santoni, Angela; Gismondi, Angela. - In: HAEMATOLOGICA. - ISSN 0390-6078. - ELETTRONICO. - 100:8(2015), pp. e332-e333. [10.3324/haematol.2015.130831]

Response to comment on multifunctional human CD56lowCD16low NK cells are the prominent subset in bone marrow of both pediatric healthy donors and leukemic patients

STABILE, MARIA HELENA;NISTI, PAOLO;Locatelli, Franco;SANTONI, Angela;GISMONDI, Angela
2015

Abstract

We read with interest the comment by Romee and Miller on our article published in Haematologica1 demonstrating that there is an increased frequency of the CD56lowCD16low natural killer (NK)-cell population in the bone marrow (BM) of children, both healthy subjects and leukemia patients. This NK-cell subset is endowed with higher cytotoxic activity and a similar ability to produce IFNγ as compared to the principal cytokine-producing CD56high NK-cell subset.2 With regard to the interesting observations raised by Romee and Miller, we think that the CD56lowCD16low NK-cell population we described in the BM of leukemia children does not necessarily represent a post-activation NK-cell state, being also present in healthy pediatric donors. However, we cannot completely exclude the possibility that their increased number as compared to those found in healthy donors might also be the result of an in vivo post-activation state of NK cells. In accordance with findings reported by Romee et al.,3 Lajoie et al.4 and Grzywacz et al.5 that shedding of CD16 is associated with the activity of A Disintegrin And Metalloproteinase-17 (ADAM17), we have preliminary data indicating that this metalloproteinase is significantly more abundant in the BM plasma of children affected by leukemia, as compared to healthy donors (Figure 1). Unfortunately, at present, the lack of evidence of ADAM17 activity in these samples does not allow us to conclude that the higher number of CD56lowCD16low NK cells observed in the BM of leukemia patients, together with their lower expression levels of CD62L, is attributable to increased ADAM17 activity. Our manuscript also shows that CD56lowCD16low NK cells are the principal cytotoxic population against both K562 erythroleukemia and autologous leukemia blasts, as evaluated by degranulation assay or 51Cr release assay using as effectors bulk NK cells or sorted NK-cell subsets, respectively. To rule out the possible contribution of CD56lowCD16high NK cells in the degranulating activity against K562 exerted by CD56lowCD16low NK cells, we performed experiments using sorted NK-cell subsets, and we found that CD56llowCD16low NK cells exhibit higher degranulating ability also when sorted NK-cell subsets were used as effector, in the absence of any cytokine pre-activation (Figure 2). We agree that starting from these observations, it would be very interesting to study the differentiation and maturation state of CD56lowCD16low NK cells, as well as the experimental conditions required to selectively expand in vitro this NK-cell subset in order to improve NK-cell-based immunotherapy. Experiments are ongoing to clarify these issues.
2015
Bone marrow; Leukemic patients; Multifunctional human CD56<sup>low</sup> CD16<sup>low</sup> natural killer cells; Pediatric healthy donors; Subset; Hematology
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Response to comment on multifunctional human CD56<sup>low</sup>CD16<sup>low</sup> NK cells are the prominent subset in bone marrow of both pediatric healthy donors and leukemic patients / Stabile, MARIA HELENA; Nisti, Paolo; Pagliara, Daria; Locatelli, Franco; Santoni, Angela; Gismondi, Angela. - In: HAEMATOLOGICA. - ISSN 0390-6078. - ELETTRONICO. - 100:8(2015), pp. e332-e333. [10.3324/haematol.2015.130831]
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Stabile_Response_2015.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print (versione successiva alla peer review e accettata per la pubblicazione)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 194.61 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
194.61 kB Adobe PDF

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/808350
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 5
  • Scopus 8
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 7
social impact