Microbial Fuel cells (MFCs) have been proposed for nutrient removal and energy recovery from different wastes. In this study the anaerobic digestate was used to feed H-type MFC reactors, one with a graphite anode preconditioned with Geobacter sulfurreducens and the other with an unconditioned graphite anode. The data demonstrate that the digestate acts as a carbon source, and even in the absence of anode preconditioning, electroactive bacteria colonise the anodic chamber, producing a maximum power density of 172.2mW/m2.The carbon content was also reduced by up to 60%, while anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) bacteria, which were found in the anodic compartment of the reactors, contributed to nitrogen removal from the digestate. Overall, these results demonstrate that MFCs can be used to recover anammox bacteria from natural sources, and it may represent a promising bioremediation unit in anaerobic digestor plants for the simultaneous nitrogen removal and electricity generation using digestate as substrate.

Development of electroactive and anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing (Anammox) biofilms from digestate in microbial fuel cells / DI DOMENICO, Enea Gino; Petroni, Gianluca; Mancini, Daniele; Geri, Alberto; DI PALMA, Luca; Ascenzioni, Fiorentina. - In: BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 2314-6133. - ELETTRONICO. - 2015(2015), pp. 1-10. [10.1155/2015/351014]

Development of electroactive and anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing (Anammox) biofilms from digestate in microbial fuel cells

DI DOMENICO, Enea Gino;PETRONI, GIANLUCA;MANCINI, DANIELE;GERI, Alberto;DI PALMA, Luca;ASCENZIONI, Fiorentina
2015

Abstract

Microbial Fuel cells (MFCs) have been proposed for nutrient removal and energy recovery from different wastes. In this study the anaerobic digestate was used to feed H-type MFC reactors, one with a graphite anode preconditioned with Geobacter sulfurreducens and the other with an unconditioned graphite anode. The data demonstrate that the digestate acts as a carbon source, and even in the absence of anode preconditioning, electroactive bacteria colonise the anodic chamber, producing a maximum power density of 172.2mW/m2.The carbon content was also reduced by up to 60%, while anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) bacteria, which were found in the anodic compartment of the reactors, contributed to nitrogen removal from the digestate. Overall, these results demonstrate that MFCs can be used to recover anammox bacteria from natural sources, and it may represent a promising bioremediation unit in anaerobic digestor plants for the simultaneous nitrogen removal and electricity generation using digestate as substrate.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/794038
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