Background: Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains (KPC-Kp) are emerging worldwide causing different nosocomial infections including those of the urinary tract, lung or skin wounds. For these strains, the antibiotic treatment is limited to only few choices including colistin, whose continuous use led to the emergence of carbapenem-resistant KPC-Kp strains resistant also to this treatment (KPC-Kp Col-R). Aim: Very little is known about the capacity of the different strains of KPC-Kp to invade the epithelial cells in vitro. To verify if the acquisition of carbapenem-resistant and the colistin-resistant phenotypes are correlated with a different ability to infect a series of epithelial cell lines of various tissutal origin and with a different capacity to induce cellular death. Materials & methods: We used Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP), KPC-Kp and KPC-Kp Col-R strains, isolated from different patients carrying various tissue-specific infections, to infect a series of epithelial cell lines of different tissutal origin. The invasive capacity of the strains and the extent and characteristics of the cell damage and death induced by the bacteria were evaluated and compared. Conclusion: Our results show that both KPC-Kp and KPC-Kp Col-R display a greater ability to infect the epithelial cells, with respect to KP, and that the bacterial cell invasion results in a nonprogrammed cell death.

Carbapenem resistance confers to Klebsiella pneumoniae strains an enhanced ability to induce infection and cell death in epithelial tissue-specific in vitro models / Leone, Laura; Raffa, Salvatore; Martinelli, Daniela; Torrisi, Maria Rosaria; Santino, Iolanda. - In: FUTURE MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 1746-0913. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:5(2015), pp. 743-761. [10.2217/fmb.14.145]

Carbapenem resistance confers to Klebsiella pneumoniae strains an enhanced ability to induce infection and cell death in epithelial tissue-specific in vitro models

LEONE, LAURA;RAFFA, SALVATORE;TORRISI, Maria Rosaria;SANTINO, Iolanda
2015

Abstract

Background: Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains (KPC-Kp) are emerging worldwide causing different nosocomial infections including those of the urinary tract, lung or skin wounds. For these strains, the antibiotic treatment is limited to only few choices including colistin, whose continuous use led to the emergence of carbapenem-resistant KPC-Kp strains resistant also to this treatment (KPC-Kp Col-R). Aim: Very little is known about the capacity of the different strains of KPC-Kp to invade the epithelial cells in vitro. To verify if the acquisition of carbapenem-resistant and the colistin-resistant phenotypes are correlated with a different ability to infect a series of epithelial cell lines of various tissutal origin and with a different capacity to induce cellular death. Materials & methods: We used Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP), KPC-Kp and KPC-Kp Col-R strains, isolated from different patients carrying various tissue-specific infections, to infect a series of epithelial cell lines of different tissutal origin. The invasive capacity of the strains and the extent and characteristics of the cell damage and death induced by the bacteria were evaluated and compared. Conclusion: Our results show that both KPC-Kp and KPC-Kp Col-R display a greater ability to infect the epithelial cells, with respect to KP, and that the bacterial cell invasion results in a nonprogrammed cell death.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/786558
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