BACKGROUND. Microsatellite instability (MI) is a frequent occurrence in endometrioid carcinoma of the endometrium (EC). Several genes known to contain mononucleotide short tracts in their coding sequences (TGF-β RII, IGFIIR, BAX, hMSH6, and hMSH3) are likely targets for mutations in these tumors. METHODS. DNA from 24 patients with EC and MI was extracted from blood and from fresh-frozen and paraffin embedded tumor tissue. Seven of these patients were found to have metastatic spread to paraaortic lymph nodes. DNA also was studied from 10 patients with EC without MI. RESULTS. Frameshift mutations at coding mononucleotide repeats were detected by single strand conformation polymorphism analysis and DNA sequencing. Frameshift mutations were detected more frequently in BAX (11 of 24 MI positive (+) tumors; 45.8%) than in TGF-β RII (0 of 24 tumors; 0%), IGFIIR (3 of 24 tumors; 12.5%), hMSH3 (6 of 24 tumors; 25%), or hMSH6 (0 of 24 tumors; 0%). The mutations frequently were distributed heterogeneously throughout the tumors. Overall, frameshift mutations at i or more of these mononucleotide repeat microsatellites were found in 17 of 24 MI+ tumors (70.8%) but in none of the 10 MI negative neoplasms. In the seven EC patients with lymph node metastases, mutations in IGFRH were found more commonly in those with metastatic (three of seven patients) rather than primary (one of seven) tumors. CONCLUSIONS. The results of the current study confirm that BAX is an important target gene in ECs with MI. The frequent detection of IGFRII frameshift mutations in lymph node metastases suggest that IGFRII may play a role in tumor progression in these patients. (C) 2000 American Cancer Society.
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|Titolo:||Frameshift mutations at coding mononucleotide repeat microsatellites in endometrial carcinoma with microsatellite instability|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|