Abstract OBJECTIVE: Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common cause of dementia, typically shows a slow clinical progression over time. 'Rapidly progressive' AD, a variant of the disease characterized by an aggressive course, exhibits distinct clinical, biological, and neuropathological features. Here, we investigate neuropsychological predictors of rapid decline in a group of mild patients with AD. METHODS: One hundred fifty-three mild patients with AD admitted to a memory disorder clinic and followed for up to 3 years were included in this study. A comprehensive neuropsychological (NP) battery was performed at the time of enrollment. Patients were defined as 'rapidly progressive' if they exhibited a drop of 6 or more points on the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) between two consecutive annual visits. This event defined the main outcome in multiple analyses of variance and Cox proportional hazards models that investigated the impact of NP predictors. Categorical principal component analysis (CATPCA) was also employed in order to delineate clusters of NP tests and to test their effect on the outcome. RESULTS: Of 153 subjects, thirty-seven (24%) were classified as 'rapidly progressive'; those subjects showed younger age of symptoms onset compared to slow decliners (68 vs 71.5 years old). Baseline lower performance on a neuropsychological test of naming predicted a rapid decline over the follow-up (P = 0.001). Three clusters of NP were defined by CATPCA: (i) executive/language, (ii) visuospatial memory, and (iii) verbal memory. The executive/language component predicted a rapid decline over the follow-up (P = 0.016). CONCLUSION: Early executive/language impairment is highly predictive of a rapid progression of AD.

Neuropsychological predictors of rapidly progressive Alzheimer's disease / Tosto, Giuseppe; Gasparini, Marina; Brickman, Am; Letteri, Federica; Renie', R; Piscopo, P; Talarico, Giuseppina; Canevelli, Marco; Confaloni, A; Bruno, Giuseppe. - In: ACTA NEUROLOGICA SCANDINAVICA. - ISSN 1600-0404. - ELETTRONICO. - 132:6(2015), pp. 417-422. [10.1111/ane.12415]

Neuropsychological predictors of rapidly progressive Alzheimer's disease

TOSTO, GIUSEPPE;GASPARINI, Marina;LETTERI, FEDERICA;Renie' R;TALARICO, GIUSEPPINA;CANEVELLI, MARCO;BRUNO, Giuseppe
2015

Abstract

Abstract OBJECTIVE: Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common cause of dementia, typically shows a slow clinical progression over time. 'Rapidly progressive' AD, a variant of the disease characterized by an aggressive course, exhibits distinct clinical, biological, and neuropathological features. Here, we investigate neuropsychological predictors of rapid decline in a group of mild patients with AD. METHODS: One hundred fifty-three mild patients with AD admitted to a memory disorder clinic and followed for up to 3 years were included in this study. A comprehensive neuropsychological (NP) battery was performed at the time of enrollment. Patients were defined as 'rapidly progressive' if they exhibited a drop of 6 or more points on the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) between two consecutive annual visits. This event defined the main outcome in multiple analyses of variance and Cox proportional hazards models that investigated the impact of NP predictors. Categorical principal component analysis (CATPCA) was also employed in order to delineate clusters of NP tests and to test their effect on the outcome. RESULTS: Of 153 subjects, thirty-seven (24%) were classified as 'rapidly progressive'; those subjects showed younger age of symptoms onset compared to slow decliners (68 vs 71.5 years old). Baseline lower performance on a neuropsychological test of naming predicted a rapid decline over the follow-up (P = 0.001). Three clusters of NP were defined by CATPCA: (i) executive/language, (ii) visuospatial memory, and (iii) verbal memory. The executive/language component predicted a rapid decline over the follow-up (P = 0.016). CONCLUSION: Early executive/language impairment is highly predictive of a rapid progression of AD.
2015
Alzheimer's disease; neuropsychology; predictors of decline
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Neuropsychological predictors of rapidly progressive Alzheimer's disease / Tosto, Giuseppe; Gasparini, Marina; Brickman, Am; Letteri, Federica; Renie', R; Piscopo, P; Talarico, Giuseppina; Canevelli, Marco; Confaloni, A; Bruno, Giuseppe. - In: ACTA NEUROLOGICA SCANDINAVICA. - ISSN 1600-0404. - ELETTRONICO. - 132:6(2015), pp. 417-422. [10.1111/ane.12415]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/784188
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