To support the hypothesis that indirect mechanisms mediated by viral products like the HIV envelope glycoprotein gp120 could be responsible for T lymphocyte depletion in HIV infection, we developed a system in which the impairment of T cell functions could be investigated in vitro. In particular, we characterized the conditions that allow T lymphocytes repeatedly stimulated with an antigen to be sensitive or resistant to gp120‐mediated apoptotic signals. To achieve this goal, a panel of antigen‐specific CD4+ T cell clones and primary CD4+ T lymphocytes were treated for 2 and 18 h with saturating amounts of monomeric gp120 (without cross‐linking with specific antibodies) and antigen‐driven T cell proliferation and apoptosis were analyzed. We show that monomeric gp120 induces apoptosis only in T lymphocytes repeatedly stimulated with the antigen, that primary T lymphocytes are resistant to programmed cell death mediated by monomeric gp120, but are sensitive to anti‐CD4 antibodies, and that gp120‐mediated apoptosis is dependent on the period of time between the binding of gp120 to CD4 and the encounter with antigen. To investigate the different susceptibility to gp120 induced apoptosis of primary CD4+ and T cell clones further, the number of membrane CD4 molecules and their affinity for gp120, together with Bcl‐2 and Fas expression, were studied. Our data suggest that a down‐modulation of membrane CD4 together with high expression of the Bcl‐2 gene and protein characterizes the susceptibility to apoptosis of gp120‐treated cells. In conclusion, our results define the phenotypic features of T cells susceptible to HIV gp120‐induced apoptosis and demonstrate that the same clonotype, depending on the activation state, may present a differential sensitivity to apoptosis induction. Copyright © 1995 WILEY‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

To support the hypothesis that indirect mechanisms mediated by viral products like the HIV envelope glycoprotein gp120 could be responsible for T lymphocyte depletion in HIV infection, we developed a system in which the impairment of T cell functions could be investigated in vitro. In particular, we characterized the conditions that allow T lymphocytes repeatedly stimulated with an antigen to be sensitive or resistant to gp120-mediated apoptotic signals. To achieve this goal, a panel of antigen-specific CD4+ T cell clones and primary CD4+ T lymphocytes were treated for 2 and 18 h with saturating amounts of monomeric gp120 (without cross-linking with specific antibodies) and antigen-driven T cell proliferation and apoptosis were analyzed. We show that monomeric gp120 induces apoptosis only in T lymphocytes repeatedly stimulated with the antigen, that primary T lymphocytes are resistant to programmed cell death mediated by monomeric gp120, but are sensitive to anti-CD4 antibodies, and that gp120-mediated apoptosis is dependent on the period of time between the binding of gp120 to CD4 and the encounter with antigen. To investigate the different susceptibility to gp120 induced apoptosis of primary CD4+ and T cell clones further, the number of membrane CD4 molecules and their affinity for gp120, together with Bcl-2 and Fas expression, were studied. Our data suggest that a down-modulation of membrane CD4 together with high expression of the Bcl-2 gene and protein characterizes the susceptibility to apoptosis of gp120-treated cells. In conclusion, our results define the phenotypic features of T cells susceptible to HIV gp120-induced apoptosis and demonstrate that the same clonotype, depending on the activation state, may present a differential sensitivity to apoptosis induction.

Differential susceptibility to monomeric HIV gp120-mediated apoptosis in antigen-activated CD4+ T cell populations / L., Tuosto; GILARDINI MONTANI, MARIA SAVERIA; S., Lorenzetti; E., Cundari; S., Moretti; G., Lombardi; Piccolella, Enza. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 0014-2980. - STAMPA. - 25:10(1995), pp. 2907-2916. [10.1002/eji.1830251030]

Differential susceptibility to monomeric HIV gp120-mediated apoptosis in antigen-activated CD4+ T cell populations.

GILARDINI MONTANI, MARIA SAVERIA;PICCOLELLA, Enza
1995

Abstract

To support the hypothesis that indirect mechanisms mediated by viral products like the HIV envelope glycoprotein gp120 could be responsible for T lymphocyte depletion in HIV infection, we developed a system in which the impairment of T cell functions could be investigated in vitro. In particular, we characterized the conditions that allow T lymphocytes repeatedly stimulated with an antigen to be sensitive or resistant to gp120-mediated apoptotic signals. To achieve this goal, a panel of antigen-specific CD4+ T cell clones and primary CD4+ T lymphocytes were treated for 2 and 18 h with saturating amounts of monomeric gp120 (without cross-linking with specific antibodies) and antigen-driven T cell proliferation and apoptosis were analyzed. We show that monomeric gp120 induces apoptosis only in T lymphocytes repeatedly stimulated with the antigen, that primary T lymphocytes are resistant to programmed cell death mediated by monomeric gp120, but are sensitive to anti-CD4 antibodies, and that gp120-mediated apoptosis is dependent on the period of time between the binding of gp120 to CD4 and the encounter with antigen. To investigate the different susceptibility to gp120 induced apoptosis of primary CD4+ and T cell clones further, the number of membrane CD4 molecules and their affinity for gp120, together with Bcl-2 and Fas expression, were studied. Our data suggest that a down-modulation of membrane CD4 together with high expression of the Bcl-2 gene and protein characterizes the susceptibility to apoptosis of gp120-treated cells. In conclusion, our results define the phenotypic features of T cells susceptible to HIV gp120-induced apoptosis and demonstrate that the same clonotype, depending on the activation state, may present a differential sensitivity to apoptosis induction.
To support the hypothesis that indirect mechanisms mediated by viral products like the HIV envelope glycoprotein gp120 could be responsible for T lymphocyte depletion in HIV infection, we developed a system in which the impairment of T cell functions could be investigated in vitro. In particular, we characterized the conditions that allow T lymphocytes repeatedly stimulated with an antigen to be sensitive or resistant to gp120‐mediated apoptotic signals. To achieve this goal, a panel of antigen‐specific CD4+ T cell clones and primary CD4+ T lymphocytes were treated for 2 and 18 h with saturating amounts of monomeric gp120 (without cross‐linking with specific antibodies) and antigen‐driven T cell proliferation and apoptosis were analyzed. We show that monomeric gp120 induces apoptosis only in T lymphocytes repeatedly stimulated with the antigen, that primary T lymphocytes are resistant to programmed cell death mediated by monomeric gp120, but are sensitive to anti‐CD4 antibodies, and that gp120‐mediated apoptosis is dependent on the period of time between the binding of gp120 to CD4 and the encounter with antigen. To investigate the different susceptibility to gp120 induced apoptosis of primary CD4+ and T cell clones further, the number of membrane CD4 molecules and their affinity for gp120, together with Bcl‐2 and Fas expression, were studied. Our data suggest that a down‐modulation of membrane CD4 together with high expression of the Bcl‐2 gene and protein characterizes the susceptibility to apoptosis of gp120‐treated cells. In conclusion, our results define the phenotypic features of T cells susceptible to HIV gp120‐induced apoptosis and demonstrate that the same clonotype, depending on the activation state, may present a differential sensitivity to apoptosis induction. Copyright © 1995 WILEY‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/783370
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