Abstract Here we investigate the properties of amorphous TiH2/carbon nanocomposites as possible active material in lithium cells. Several TiH2/C mixtures are prepared by a mechanochemical route, by varying the carbon/hydride ratio. Materials are tested in electrochemical cells versus lithium metal in EC:DMC LiPF6 electrolyte by galvanostatic cycling (GC) and are characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetry and mass spectrometry. Thermal dehydrogenation processes are altered by the mechanochemical treatment of the sample: milling decreases the hydrogen content of the hydride. On the other hand, the mechanochemical grinding increases the specific capacity delivered during the first GC discharge. We suggest that the electrochemical process is the result of a delicate balance between the absolute quantity of hydrogen and its availability for the hydride conversion reaction.

H2 thermal desorption and hydride conversion reactions in Li cells of TiH2/C amorphous nanocomposites / Vitucci, FRANCESCO MARIA; Paolone, Annalisa; Brutti, Sergio; Munaò, D.; Silvestri, Laura; Panero, Stefania; Reale, Priscilla. - In: JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS. - ISSN 0925-8388. - STAMPA. - 645:Supplement 1(2015), pp. S46-S50. [10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.01.232]

H2 thermal desorption and hydride conversion reactions in Li cells of TiH2/C amorphous nanocomposites

VITUCCI, FRANCESCO MARIA;PAOLONE, Annalisa;BRUTTI, Sergio;D. Munaò;SILVESTRI, LAURA;PANERO, Stefania;REALE, Priscilla
2015

Abstract

Abstract Here we investigate the properties of amorphous TiH2/carbon nanocomposites as possible active material in lithium cells. Several TiH2/C mixtures are prepared by a mechanochemical route, by varying the carbon/hydride ratio. Materials are tested in electrochemical cells versus lithium metal in EC:DMC LiPF6 electrolyte by galvanostatic cycling (GC) and are characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetry and mass spectrometry. Thermal dehydrogenation processes are altered by the mechanochemical treatment of the sample: milling decreases the hydrogen content of the hydride. On the other hand, the mechanochemical grinding increases the specific capacity delivered during the first GC discharge. We suggest that the electrochemical process is the result of a delicate balance between the absolute quantity of hydrogen and its availability for the hydride conversion reaction.
Hydrogen absorbing materials; Mechanochemical processing; Crystal structure; Enthalpy; Thermodynamic properties; Transmission electron microscopy
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H2 thermal desorption and hydride conversion reactions in Li cells of TiH2/C amorphous nanocomposites / Vitucci, FRANCESCO MARIA; Paolone, Annalisa; Brutti, Sergio; Munaò, D.; Silvestri, Laura; Panero, Stefania; Reale, Priscilla. - In: JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS. - ISSN 0925-8388. - STAMPA. - 645:Supplement 1(2015), pp. S46-S50. [10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.01.232]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/783185
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